Caspian tern

Hydroprogne caspia

The Caspian tern is a species of tern, with a subcosmopolitan but scattered distribution. Despite its extensive range, it is monotypic of its genus, and has no subspecies accepted either. In New Zealand it is also known by the Maori name "taranui".
Caspian tern - Hydroprogne caspia  Australia,Caspian tern,Eamw birds,Geotagged,Hydroprogne caspia,Spring

Appearance

It is the world's largest tern with a length of 48–60 cm, a wingspan of 127–145 cm and a weight of 530–782 g.
Adult birds have black legs, and a long thick red-orange bill with a small black tip. They have a white head with a black cap and white neck, belly and tail. The upper wings and back are pale grey; the underwings are pale with dark primary feathers. In flight, the tail is less forked than other terns and wing tips black on the underside. In winter, the black cap is still present, but with some white streaking on the forehead. The call is a loud heron-like croak.
A Couple of Caspian Terns. Two of around 24 that were enjoying the summer sunshine on Centre Islet. The bird on the right has at least three leg bands and I am awaiting information on this bird.
https://www.jungledragon.com/image/137163/enjoying_the_summer_sunshine.html Canada,Caspian tern,Geotagged,Hydroprogne caspia,Summer

Distribution

Their breeding habitat is large lakes and ocean coasts in North America, and locally in Europe, Asia, Africa, and Australasia. North American birds migrate to southern coasts, the West Indies and northernmost South America. European and Asian birds spend the non-breeding season in the Old World tropics. African and Australasian birds are resident or disperse over short distances.

The global population is about 50,000 pairs; numbers in most regions are stable, but the Baltic Sea population is declining and of conservation concern.

The Caspian tern is one of the species to which the "Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds" applies.
Caspian Tern (Hydroprogne caspia)  Animal,Bird,Caspian Tern,Caspian tern,Geotagged,Hydroprogne caspia,Lake Ontario,Seagull,United States,Water

Habitat

Their breeding habitat is large lakes and ocean coasts in North America, and locally in Europe, Asia, Africa, and Australasia. North American birds migrate to southern coasts, the West Indies and northernmost South America. European and Asian birds spend the non-breeding season in the Old World tropics. African and Australasian birds are resident or disperse over short distances.

The global population is about 50,000 pairs; numbers in most regions are stable, but the Baltic Sea population is declining and of conservation concern.

The Caspian tern is one of the species to which the "Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds" applies.
2 Common Tern  Common Tern,Sterna hirundo

Reproduction

Breeding is in spring and summer, with one to three pale blue green eggs, with heavy brown spotting, being laid. They nest either together in colonies, or singly in mixed colonies of other tern and gull species. The nest is on the ground among gravel and sand, or sometimes on vegetation; incubation lasts for 26–28 days. The chicks are variable in plumage pattern, from pale creamy to darker grey-brown; this variation assists adults in recognizing their own chicks when returning to the colony from feeding trips. Fledging occurs after 35–45 days.
Distant Caspian tern - the biggest bird on the photo - Hydroprogne caspia  Animal,Animalia,Aves,Bird,Caspian tern,Charadriiformes,Chordata,Eastern Macedonia,Europe,Geotagged,Greece,Hydroprogne caspia,Keramoti,Laridae,Nature,Spring,Wildlife

Food

They feed mainly on fish, which they dive for, hovering high over the water and then plunging. They also occasionally eat large insects, the young and eggs of other birds and rodents. They may fly up to 60 km from the breeding colony to catch fish; it often fishes on freshwater lakes as well as at sea.

References:

Some text fragments are auto parsed from Wikipedia.