Bos primigenius taurus
Cattle are the most common type of large domesticated ungulates. They are a prominent modern member of the subfamily Bovinae, are the most widespread species of the genus ''Bos'', and are most commonly classified collectively as ''Bos primigenius''. Cattle are raised as livestock for meat , as dairy animals for milk and other dairy products, and as draft animals . Other products include leather and dung for manure or fuel. In some countries, such as India, cattle are sacred. From as few as eighty progenitors domesticated in southeast Turkey about 10,500 years ago, it is estimated that there are now 1.3 billion cattle in the world today....hieroglyph snipped... In 2009, cattle became the first livestock animal to have its genome mapped.