Humboldt Penguin

Spheniscus humboldti

The Humboldt Penguin is a South American penguin, that breeds in coastal Peru and Chile. Its nearest relatives are the African Penguin, the Magellanic Penguin and the Galápagos Penguin. The penguin is named after the cold water current it swims in, which is itself named after Alexander von Humboldt, an explorer.
Humboldt penguin Humboldt penguin, Ouwehands Dierenpark, Rhenen, Netherlands, 2018 Fall,Geotagged,Humboldt,Humboldt Penguin,Humboldtpinguïn,Netherlands,Peruvian,Rhenen,Spheniscus,Spheniscus humboldti,humboldti,patranca,penguin


Humboldt Penguins are medium-sized penguins, growing to 56–70 cm long and a weight of 3.6-5.9 kg. They have a black head with a white border that runs from behind the eye, around the black ear-coverts and chin, and joins at the throat.

They have blackish-grey upperparts and whitish underparts, with a black breast-band that extends down the flanks to the thigh. They have a fleshy-pink base to the bill. Juveniles have dark heads and no breast-band. They have spines on their tongue which they use to hold their prey.
Black in a white world I like the determination in the eyes of this Humboldt Penguin as it was about to dive. Too bad something was blocking it partly in the foreground. Birds,Geotagged,Humboldt Penguin,Papegaaienpark VeldHoven,Parrot Park Veldhoven,Spheniscus humboldti,The Netherlands


Due to a declining population caused in part by over-fishing, climate change, and ocean acidification, the current status of the Humboldt penguin is threatened, Historically it was the victim of guano over-exploitation. Penguins are also declining in numbers due to habitat destruction. The current population is estimated at between 3,300 and 12,000. In August 2010 the Humboldt penguin of Chile and Peru, was granted protection under the U.S. Endangered Species Act.
penguin showing off his diving skills This was taken at London Zoo during penguin feeding time Humboldt Penguin,London zoo,Spheniscus humboldti


Humboldt Penguins nest on islands and rocky coasts, burrowing holes in guano and sometimes using scrapes or caves. In South America the Humboldt Penguin is found only along the Pacific coast, and the range of the Humboldt Penguin overlaps that of the Magellanic Penguin on the central Chilean coast. It is vagrant in Ecuador and Colombia.


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SpeciesS. humboldti