Assam roofed turtle

Pangshura sylhetensis

The Assam roofed turtle , also known as Sylhet roofed turtle is a species of the Geoemydidae family of turtles found in the Brahmaputra-Meghna drainage in India and parts of eastern Bangladesh. It was formerly in the ''Batagur'' genus and defunct genus ''Kachuga''.
Assam roofed turtle (Pangshura sylhetensis) Assam roofed turtle (Pangshura sylhetensis), is critically endangered species endemic to Assam and only seen in Jia Bharali river which runs through Nameri National Park. This turtle was wash away to main land due to flood which was released back in its habitat. Assam roofed turtle,Geotagged,Pangshura sylhetensis

Appearance

The species has a triangular and elevated carapace with a promient spiked keel and strongly serrated marginal plates. The carapace is olive-brown in color, with a lighter keel. The head is small and has a weakly hooked upper jaw; a narrow pink stripe runs from the back of each eye to the middle of the back of the head. Adults may attain a maximum length of 20 cm, although body sizes of ~15 cm are more common.

Distribution

The species occurs in the north-eastern & south-eastern parts of Bangladesh, in India and possibly in Bhutan. It is found in terrestrial and freshwater habitats in areas with upland tropical moist forest, and fast-flowing streams and perhaps also small rivers. Oxbow lakes may also be inhabited, but shell morphology suggests an adaptation to fast-flowing waters.

Status

The Assam roofed turtle is a rare species known only from a few individuals; it is believed to have one of the narrowest distributions of any south Asian geoemydid. It is exploited for its meat and eggs for local consumption and may also enter the pet trade. Habitat destruction by logging and incidental capture in fishing gear are also thought to present threats. The species is currently classified as Endangered by the IUCN.

Habitat

The species occurs in the north-eastern & south-eastern parts of Bangladesh, in India and possibly in Bhutan. It is found in terrestrial and freshwater habitats in areas with upland tropical moist forest, and fast-flowing streams and perhaps also small rivers. Oxbow lakes may also be inhabited, but shell morphology suggests an adaptation to fast-flowing waters.The species is amphibian. In the cooler months of the dry season, from December to February, it basks during most of the day; individuals living in cooler hill-streams may do so year round. The turtle is shy and never basks on river banks, but only on emergent logs or rocks. At the slightest disturbance, it will dive quickly to the middle of the river, hiding between rocks. Juveniles often flee into accumulations of dead leaves for camouflage and remain motionless.

Reproduction

Assam roofed turtles nest between late October and February, corresponding with the cool, dry season, and produce clutches of 6–12 eggs. Hatchlings appear mainly between March and April, at the beginning of the Southeast Monsoons.

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Status: Endangered
EX EW CR EN VU NT LC
Taxonomy
KingdomAnimalia
DivisionChordata
ClassReptilia
OrderTestudines
FamilyGeoemydidae
GenusPangshura
SpeciesP. sylhetensis