Coral reef araucaria

Araucaria columnaris

''Araucaria columnaris'', the Coral reef araucaria, Cook pine, New Caledonia pine, Cook araucaria, or columnar araucaria, is a unique species of conifer in the Araucariaceae family. It is endemic to New Caledonia in the southwestern Pacific, where it was first classified by botanists of Captain James Cook's second voyage of exploration.
It is a distinctive narrowly conical tree to 60 metres tall. The female cone is 10-15 cm. long by 7-11 cm. wide.
Coral reef araucaria, Kandy Botanical Garden, Sri Lanka Planted in 1952. This curved growth path is not typical for the species if I look at other photos. Araucaria columnaris,Asia,Kandy,Sri Lanka,araucaria columnaris

Appearance

The Cook pine, called Christmas Tree in India, can reach 60m in natural habit, but is more commonly grown as a house-plant in pots. The relatively short, mostly horizontal branches are in whorls around the slender, upright to slightly leaning trunk. The branches are lined with cord-like, horizontal branchlets. The branchlets are covered with small, green, incurved, point-tipped, spirally arranged, overlapping leaves. The young leaves are needle-like, while the broader adult leaves are triangular and scale-like.

The female seed cones are scaly, egg-shaped, and up to 6 inches long. The smaller, more numerous male pollen cones are at the tips of the branchlets and are scaly, foxtail-shaped, and 2 inches long. The bark of the Cook pine peels off in thin paper-like sheets or strips and is rough, grey, and resinous. The trees have a slender, spire-like crown and look like unusually tall, thin Christmas trees.

The Cook pine is often confused with the Norfolk Island pine because they have a similar appearance.
Coral reef araucaria - II, Kandy Botanical Garden, Sri Lanka Planted in 1952. Araucaria columnaris,Asia,Coral reef araucaria,Kandy,Sri Lanka

Naming

''Araucaria columnaris'' is among the most common Araucarias planted as an ornamental tree and street tree in warm temperate climates. It is cultivated in gardens and public landscapes in Queensland, northern New Zealand, southern California, Mexico, and Hawaii.

References:

Some text fragments are auto parsed from Wikipedia.

Status: Unknown
EX EW CR EN VU NT LC
Taxonomy
KingdomPlantae
DivisionPinophyta
ClassPinopsida
OrderPinales
FamilyAraucariaceae
GenusAraucaria
SpeciesA. columnaris
Photographed in
Sri Lanka