Terminalia arjuna

Terminalia arjuna

''Terminalia arjuna'' is a tree of the genus ''Terminalia''. It is commonly known as arjuna or arjun tree in English, Thella Maddi in Telugu and Marudha Maram in Tamil.
"Scratch" that Neermatti tree (Terminalia Arjuna) and "Rake marks" - a tree which has about 10 pots of water stored in its trunk, fire-resistant bark, and medicinal properties!

I know about this tree only because of the fact that Bengal Tigers choose this tree to mark their territory in the wild (reason unknown); at least here in South India. There are prominent rake marks on the tree in the picture, and the top most rake mark (horizontal marks by 3 claws) is around 12 ft above the ground level - made by a Tiger in that area!

It is said that during drought, even Elephants drink water stored in the trunk of this tree. Geotagged,India,Mudumalai,Terminalia arjuna,big cat,forest,marking,neermatti,rake marks,storage,territory,tiger,tree,water

Appearance

The arjuna is about 20–25 metres tall; usually has a buttressed trunk, and forms a wide canopy at the crown, from which branches drop downwards. It has oblong, conical leaves which are green on the top and brown below; smooth, grey bark; it has pale yellow flowers which appear between March and June; its glabrous, 2.5 to 5 cm fibrous woody fruit, divided into five wings, appears between September and November.
Rake it Neermatti tree (Terminalia Arjuna) - a closeup of a rake mark made by a Tiger on this tree, as a symbol of territory marking. Geotagged,India,Mudumalai,Terminalia arjuna,india,neermatti,rake marks,territory marking,tiger

Distribution

The arjuna is usually found growing on river banks or near dry river beds in West Bengal and south and central India. It is known as ''neer maruthu'' in Malayalam 'Marutha Maram' in Tamil and in Kannada , Thella Maddi in Telugu and ''kohda'' in Rajasthan.

Habitat

The arjuna is usually found growing on river banks or near dry river beds in West Bengal and south and central India. It is known as ''neer maruthu'' in Malayalam 'Marutha Maram' in Tamil and in Kannada , Thella Maddi in Telugu and ''kohda'' in Rajasthan.

References:

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Taxonomy
KingdomPlantae
DivisionAngiosperms
ClassEudicots
OrderMyrtales
FamilyCombretaceae
GenusTerminalia
SpeciesT. arjuna
Photographed in
India