Hump-nosed viper

Hypnale hypnale

''Hypnale hypnale'' is a venomous pitviper species endemic to India and Sri Lanka. No subspecies are currently recognized.
Eye-sight challenge! Hump-nosed pit viper (family - Hypnale Hypnale) - Spotted this juvenile Viper during the trek in the wilderness of Gerusoppa, Shimoga (Western Ghats) a few years ago. Geotagged,Hump-nosed pit viper,Hypnale hypnale,India,bite,camouflage,crawl,gerusoppa,hypnale,shimoga,snake,venom,venomous,viper,western ghats

Appearance

''H. hypnale'' grows to an average of 30–45 cm in total length. The Armed Forces Pest Management Board states 0.4-0.6 m in total length.

Its build is that of a typical viperid with a stout body and a wide head. The snout is pointed and turned upwards, ending in a hump. The frontal, supraoculars, and parietal shields are large, but those on the snout are small and irregular.

The color pattern is grayish with heavy brown mottling, overlaid with a double row of large dark spots. The belly is brownish or yellowish with dark mottling. The tip of the tail is yellow or reddish.
Back off! Hump-nosed pit viper (Family - Hypnale Hypnale) - This snake species belongs to the venomous line of Pit Vipers, and is endemic to India and Sri-Lanka. They don't bear the strongest venom, but if their bite is untreated within a few hours, it can be potentially fatal to humans. Looking like dead tree barks / branches or even leaves sometimes, they are hard to spot, which increases the risk of getting bitten by them in the wild.

They are endemic to India and Sri-Lanka, and they live in wet and humid conditions. I clicked this image during my trek to Gerusoppa, Shimoga (Western Ghats) here in South India, where the lush green jungles are a bliss to eyes! Danger lurks in every footstep in such dense forests, and one must be extremely careful about every step they take. To make the matters worse, such places are usually Leech infested! Geotagged,Hump-nosed pit viper,Hypnale hypnale,India,bite,crawl,gerusoppa,hypnale,scales,shimoga,snake,venom,viper,western ghats

Naming

Hump-nosed viper, Merrem's hump-nosed viper, hump-nosed pit viper, Oriental hump-nosed viper, hump-nosed pitviper, ''polon thelissa-පොලොන් තෙලිස්සා'' & ''kunakatuwa-කුණක‍ටුවා'' , ''churutta'' .
Hump Nosed Pit Viper A deadly snake with a perfect camouflage. Hump-nosed viper,Hypnale hypnale,camouflage,hypnale,india,pit viper,venomous,western ghats

Behavior

''H. hypnale'' is active during early morning and night. It spends the day in leaf litter and thick bushes. This species can be found on the stream side basking during the sunrise. Although it is a slow mover, it is capable of fast strikes. It has an irritable disposition and will vibrate its tail when annoyed, a behavior it has in common with other pit vipers, especially rattlesnakes of the genera ''Crotalus'' and ''Sistrurus''. It has been described as nocturnal, terrestrial, and aggressive when disturbed.
Hump-nosed Viper, Kottawa, Sri Lanka One of the three species of Hypnale found in Sri Lanka. This one was found by the Kottawa forest reserve entrance by the ticketing counter.  Hump-nosed viper,Hypnale hypnale,Reptiles,Snakes,animal,animals,reptile,snake,sri,viper

Habitat

Found in dense jungle and coffee plantations in hilly areas.
Humped_nose_Pit_Viper  Hump-nosed viper,Hypnale hypnale

Reproduction

Adult females bear live young from March through July. Brood size ranges from 4 to 17, and the newborns are 13-14.5 cm long.

Defense

Bites from this species, although previously thought to be innocuous, are now known to cause serious complications such as coagulopathy and acute renal failure . If not treated within a few hours, bites can potentially be fatal for human beings.

References:

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Taxonomy
KingdomAnimalia
DivisionChordata
ClassReptilia
OrderSquamata
FamilyViperidae
GenusHypnale
SpeciesH. hypnale
Photographed in
India
Sri Lanka