Bamboo viper

Trimeresurus gramineus

'Trimeresurus gramineus' is a venomous pit viper species found only in southern India. No subspecies are currently recognized. It is the type species for the genus ''Trimeresurus''.
Pits!!! id: Bamboo pit viper

Pits help them track their prey and for them pits are their eyes.. These pits are heat sensitive and help snake seeing a thermal image/view. (Two holes just before eyes showing whitish color are Pits)

A very Beautiful Snake belonging to Viper family.
Let them be alone if you come across any, they will avoid you.. Until and unless you mess with them.. 
Truely mistaken as Dangerous!!!!!! Trust me..

This was one of the best and unforgettable moments of my Jungle experiences. 70-300,70-300mm,Bamboo viper,D5200,Geotagged,IncredibleIndia,India,Maharashtra,Matheran,Nikon,NikonD5200,Raigad,Reptile,Snake,Summer,Tamron,Trimeresurus gramineus,Viper,abhitap,fauna

Appearance

Rostral scale as deep as broad or broader than deep; upper head-scales small, smooth, imbricate; supraocular scale narrow, rarely broken up; internasals in contact or separated by one or two scales; 8 to 13 scales on a line between the supraoculars; usually one or two, rarely three, series of scales between the suboculars and the labials; 9 to 12 upper labials, second usually forming the anterior border of the loreal pit, third largest; temporal scales smooth.

Dorsal scales more or less distinctly keeled, in 21 rows. Ventrals 145-175; anal scale entire; subcaudals in two rows 53-76.

Upper parts usually bright green, rarely yellowish, greyish, or purplish brown, with or without black, brown, or reddish spots; usually a light, white, yellow, or red streak along the outer row of scales; end of tail frequently yellow or red; lower parts green, yellow, or whitish.

Grows to a total length of 2.5 feet ; tail 5.5 inches .
Bamboo Pit Viper (Trimeresurus gramineus) Ready to strick Bamboo viper,Geotagged,India,Summer,Trimeresurus gramineus

Naming

Bamboo pit viper, Indian tree viper, bamboo snake, Indian green tree viper, green tree viper, bamboo viper, bamboo pitviper, ''boodro pam'', grass-green snake, green pit viper.
The stare A bamboo pit viper is a venomous snake found in the Indian subcontinent. They are green in color with prominent black or faint markings and this makes then difficult to spot.
Like other pit vipers their venom is haemotoxic in nature. These snakes usually rest on high branches during day and come down to feed during night. This individual looks pale as it was getting ready to moult. Snakes shed their skin periodically to accommodate their growing size!
 Bamboo viper,Trimeresurus gramineus,bangalore,herping,india,karnataka,moult,pits,reptile,scales,snake,venomous,viper,wild

Behavior

''T. gramineus'' is arboreal and nocturnal. When threatened, it is aggressive and does not hesitate to bite.
Bamboo Pit Viper. From Night trails in Matheran. This lovely Viper was resting near trail and it glowed shiny green in our torch lights.. 
Probably it was waiting for frog or other animal to feed on in wet floor.. The forest was wet and cool.. and This snake added excitement in that night trail..  Alibag,Alibaug,Asia,Bamboo,Bamboo viper,Fauna,India,Maharashtra,Matheran,Nikon,NikonD5200,Pit,Raigad,Reptile,Reptilian,Serpent,Serpents,Snake,Snakes,Trimeresurus gramineus

Habitat

It is found in bamboo groves and forests, usually near streams.
bamboo viper  Bamboo viper,Fall,Geotagged,India,Trimeresurus gramineus,snake

Reproduction

''T. gramineus'' is oviparous. Adult females lay eggs in clutches of 6 to 20. The hatchlings resemble the adults, with the addition of dark dorsal crossbars, and are about 12 centimetres in total length.
Coil and strike position!!   'S' shape!! Before you read..
nothing to be scared of after reading the description, as once you see them in such stance just keep the distance and they'll move away from you.. 

Attacking stance: All of our pit vipers can bite and effectively inject venom from almost any position. Up, down, or sideways. They need not take time to coil before striking out. They can turn and bite — while they are moving, if they are stretched out immobile or if they are forcibly restrained and have sufficient length left to reach their objective. They can bite in or under water. Although they may not be able to strike very far because of the lack of resistance.

When they realize a potential hazard is near and they feel they cannot escape, most pit vipers will move swiftly into a defensive coil. From this position they can deliver their most effective strike. Normally they do not reach out more than one-third to one-half of their own length. A pit viper's strike is a swift stabbing lunge that is sometimes, but not always, accompanied by an attempted closing of the jaws as the fangs penetrate the target. Although not as fast or accurate as legend would have us believe, the strike is very swift. Too fast to be fully followed and comprehended by the human eye. Stamina and endurance though are not a part of the pit vipers bag of tricks. Repeated harassment of individuals by predators (human or otherwise) will soon wear the snake down to a point where his strike seems almost a slow motion attempt at his former prowess. When passively interested in obtaining a meal, pit vipers will often take a resting coil position near the possible food source. With almost imperceptible movements, this resting coil can be swiftly and easily converted to a striking coil when a prey animal appears.
Source: http://www.rattlesnakes.com/info/strike.html 70-300,70-300mm,Asia,Bamboo pit viper,Bamboo viper,D5200,Geotagged,IncredibleIndia,India,Maharashtra,Matheran,Neral,Nikon,NikonD5200,Raigad,Summer,Tamron,Trimeresurus gramineus,abhitap,life

Food

It feeds on lizards and birds.

References:

Some text fragments are auto parsed from Wikipedia.

Status: Unknown
EX EW CR EN VU NT LC
Taxonomy
KingdomAnimalia
DivisionChordata
ClassReptilia
OrderSquamata
FamilyViperidae
GenusTrimeresurus
Species
Photographed in
India