Crinkled Snow Lichen

Flavocetraria nivalis

Life habit: lichenized (mutualistic with algal photobionts) thallus: fruticose (fruticous), shrub-like, beard-like. Upper surface: yellowish-green, greenish-white, yellow-white (ivory, off-white, cream-colored). Marginal and upper surface-specific structures: absent. Morphological substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) upper surface: smooth, plane, Ascomata: absent. Secondary metabolites: present, protolichesterinic acid, usnic acid. Primary photobiont: chlorophytaceous, trebouxiaceous, chlorococcoid. Secondary photobionts (eg in cephalodia): absent.
Crinkled Snow Lichen The Crinkled Snow Lichen (Flavocetraria nivalis) is not as numerous as the Reindeer lichen on the Canadian Shield rocks at the Prospector Trail, Fred Henne Territorial Park, Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, Canada. Canada,Crinkled Snow Lichen,Flavocetraria nivalis,Fred Henne Territorial Park,Geotagged,Northwest Territories,Summer,Yellowknife

Appearance

Shrub-like, beard-like
Crinkled Snow Lichen (Flavocetraria nivalis) Lake Myvatn, Iceland. Sep 26th, 2019 Crinkled Snow Lichen,Fall,Flavocetraria nivalis,Geotagged,Iceland

Naming

Allocetraria nivalis (L.) Randlane & Saag
Cetraria nivalis (L.) Ach.
Cetraria nivalis f. nivalis (L.) Ach.
Cetraria nivalis f. sorediifera Hasselrot
Cetraria nivalis f. suffruticosa Rass.
Cetraria nivalis var. incumbens Trass
Cetraria nivalis var. nivalis (L.) Ach.
Cetraria nivalis var. saviczii Rass.
Lichen nivalis L., Lobaria nivalis (L.) Hoffm.
Parmelia nivalis (L.) Spreng.
Platysma nivale (L.) Frege

Distribution

Northern North America, Scandinavia, Greenland, Iceland. Scattered in Russia and also along the Rocky Mountains to Arizona in North America.

Habitat

Substrate: soil, clay, humus, turf, detritus, dead leaves.

References:

Some text fragments are auto parsed from Wikipedia.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flavocetraria
https://lichenportal.org/cnalh/taxa/index.php?taxon=54386&clid=1089#
Taxonomy
KingdomFungi
DivisionAscomycota
ClassLecanoromycetes
OrderLecanorales
FamilyParmeliaceae
GenusFlavocetraria
SpeciesFlavocetraria nivalis
Photographed in
Canada
Iceland