Laughing Kookaburra

Dacelo novaeguineae

The Laughing Kookaburra is a carnivorous bird in the kingfisher family Halcyonidae. Native to eastern Australia, it has also been introduced to parts of New Zealand, Tasmania and Western Australia. Male and female adults are similar in plumage, which is predominantly brown and white. A common and familiar bird, this species of kookaburra is well known for its laughing call.
Kookaburra Large and robust birds, 40 cm body length. A white and brown head and a dark eye-stripe. The upper parts are mostly dark brown but there is a mottled light-blue patch on the wing coverts. Alcedinidae,Australia,Bird,Coraciiformes,Dacelo novaeguineae,Kingfisher,Laughing Kookaburra,fauna,vertebrate

Appearance

The Laughing Kookaburra is a stocky bird of about 45 cm in length, with a large head, a prominent brown eye, and a very large bill. The sexes are very similar, although the female averages larger and has less blue to the rump than the male. They have a white or cream-coloured body and head with a dark brown stripe through each eye and more faintly over the top of the head. The wings and back are brown with sky blue spots on the shoulders. The tail is rusty reddish-orange with dark brown bars and white tips on the feathers. The heavy bill is black on top and bone coloured on the bottom.
Laughing Kookaburra, Zie-Zoo, Netherlands Accidentally caught it with its 3rd eyelid fully closed, which I'll go into as part of the next photo:
https://www.jungledragon.com/image/61566/nictitating_membrane_3rd_eyelid_on_laughing_kookaburra_zie-zoo_netherlands.html
This bird is known to be a great alarm clock:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TqdRQxgtZtI Dacelo novaeguineae,Europe,Laughing Kookaburra,Netherlands,Volkel,World,Zie-Zoo,Zoo

Distribution

The Laughing Kookaburra is native to eastern mainland Australia, and has also been introduced to Tasmania, Flinders Island and Kangaroo Island.

Some were also introduced to New Zealand between 1866 and 1880, but only those released on Kawau Island by Sir George Grey survived. Descendants of these individuals are found there today. Remnants of this population have been seen on the New Zealand mainland near Matakana.

Individuals were released at Perth, Western Australia, in 1898 and can now be found throughout a wide area surrounding the city.
Kookaburra A large robust terrestrial kingfisher at 45 cm length with a whitish head and a dark eye-stripe. The upper parts are mostly dark brown but there is a mottled light-blue patch on the wing coverts. The underparts are white and the tail is barred with rufous and black. The plumage of the male and female birds is similar. The territorial call is a distinctive laugh that is often delivered by several birds at the same time and can be quiet deafening!  Alcedinidae,Australia,Coraciiformes,Dacelo novaeguineae,Geotagged,Halcyoninae,Kingfisher,Laughing Kookaburra,bird,fauna,new south wales

Behavior

Kookaburras occupy woodland territories in loose family groups, and their laughter serves the same purpose as a great many other bird calls—to demarcate territorial borders. Most species of Kookaburra tend to live in family units, with offspring helping the parents hunt and care for the next generation of offspring.
The_Kookaburra-1  Dacelo novaeguineae,Laughing Kookaburra

Reproduction

During mating season, the Laughing Kookaburra reputedly indulges in behaviour similar to that of a Wattlebird. The female adopts a begging posture and vocalises like a young bird. The male then offers her his current catch accompanied with an "oo oo oo" sound. However, some observers maintain that the opposite happens - the female approaches the male with her current catch and offers it to him. Either way, they start breeding around October/November. If the first clutch fails, they will continue breeding into the summer months.

They generally lay three eggs at about 2-day intervals. If the food supply is not adequate, the third egg will be smaller and the third chick will also be smaller and at a disadvantage relative to its larger siblings. Chicks have a hook on the upper mandible, which disappears by the time of fledging. If the food supply to the chicks is not adequate, the chicks will quarrel, with the hook being used as a weapon. The smallest chick may even be killed by its larger siblings. If food is plentiful, the parent birds spend more time brooding the chicks and so the chicks are not able to fight.
Laughing Kookaburra I was thrilled to see this bird for the first time, didn't even know it existed. Hereby another member added to our collection of Kingfishers. Sorry for the industrial look, the fence was very dense. BestZOO,Dacelo novaeguineae,Geotagged,Laughing Kookaburra,The Netherlands

Food

Kookaburras hunt much as other kingfishers do: by perching on a convenient branch or wire and waiting patiently for prey to pass by. Common prey include mice and similar-sized small mammals, large insects, lizards, small birds and nestlings, and most famously, snakes. Small prey are preferred, but kookaburras sometimes take large creatures, including venomous snakes much longer than their bodies.

References:

Some text fragments are auto parsed from Wikipedia.

Status: Least concern
EX EW CR EN VU NT LC
Taxonomy
KingdomAnimalia
DivisionChordata
ClassAves
OrderCoraciiformes
FamilyHalcyonidae
GenusDacelo
SpeciesD. novaeguineae