Carniolan bee

Apis mellifera carnica

The Carniolan honey bee is a subspecies of the western honey bee. The Carniolan honey bee is native to Slovenia and to some others regions of the former Yugoslavia, southern Austria, and parts of Hungary, Romania, and Bulgaria.
Inside of traditional beehive My dad is experimenting with traditional ways of beekeeping. He is using some traditional style of beehives as is this one. It is shaped as a dome, so this is a view from the bottom up. You can see the combs are still fresh, in the making.  Apis mellifera carnica,Carniolan bee,Geotagged,Slovenia

Appearance

Carniolan honey bees are about the same size as the Italian honey bee race, but they are physically distinguished by their generally dusky brown-grey color that is relieved by stripes of a subdued lighter brown color. Their chitin is dark, but it is possible to find lighter colored or brown colored rings and dots on their bodies. They are also known as the "grey bee".



Carniolan bees are nearly as big and long as the Western European black bees, though their abdomens are much slimmer. Furthermore, the Carniolan bee has a very long tongue , a very high elbow joint and very short hair.
Flight Corridor This unique perspective was captured at my dad's garden. He is a lifetime beekeeper and educator and he holds traditional style of beehives in his apiary. For this photo we opened the hive from the back so I could photograph incoming bees. As a nice bonus I did not get stung :) Apis mellifera carnica,Carniolan bee,Geotagged,Slovenia

Behavior

Beneficial
⤷ Considered to be gentle and non-aggressive
⤷ Can be kept in populated areas.
⤷ Sense of orientation considered better than the Italian honey bee race
⤷ Less drifting of bees from one hive to a neighboring hive
⤷ When compared to the Italian race, they are not as prone to rob honey
⤷ Able to overwinter in smaller numbers of winter bees; honey stores are conserved.
⤷ Able to quickly adapt to changes in the environment
⤷ Better for areas with long winters
⤷ Rhythm of brood production very steep. Brood rearing is reduced when available forage decreases
⤷ Low use of propolis
⤷ Resistant to brood diseases
⤷ For areas with strong spring nectar flow and early pollination
⤷ Forage earlier in the morning and later in the evening, and on cool, wet days.
⤷ Workers live up to 12% longer than other breeds

Not beneficial
⤷ More prone to swarming if overcrowded
⤷ Low ability to thrive in hot summer weather
⤷ Strength of broodnest more dependent on availability of pollen
⤷ Unless marked the dark queen is difficult to find

References:

Some text fragments are auto parsed from Wikipedia.

Taxonomy
KingdomAnimalia
DivisionArthropoda
ClassInsecta
OrderHymenoptera
FamilyApidae
GenusApis
SpeciesA. mellifera