Black Woodpecker

Dryocopus martius

The Black Woodpecker is a large woodpecker, 45–50 cm long with a 64–84 cm wingspan. Body weight is approximately 300-400 grams on average. It is easily the largest woodpecker in its range. This species is closely related to and fills the same ecological niche in Europe as the Pileated Woodpecker of North America.
Black woodpecker If you know where to look, then there easy to find. I found this male at an estate in the Netherlands Black Woodpecker,Dryocopus martius,Geotagged,Netherlands,Winter

Appearance

The plumage of this crow-sized woodpecker is entirely black apart from a red crown. In males, the entire crown is red, but in females only the top hindcrown is red with the rest of the body all black. It has a very long beak of 2.5 inches.

The sexes differ even as nestlings.
Black Woodpecker (Dryocopus martius) Oulanka National Park, Finland. Aug 10, 2014. Black Woodpecker,Dryocopus martius,Finland,Geotagged,Summer

Behavior

The woodpecker feeds by using its bill to hammer on dead trees to dig out carpenter ants and wood-boring grubs.

Their voice is remarkable in that it has two different calls. One is a short single high-pitched note done only twice in a row. The other is a screech-like shrill while in flight.

Unlike other woodpecker species, the Black Woodpecker does not have a dipping, bounding flight.

The woodpecker digs a nest hole, usually in a live poplar or pine tree where it lays four or more eggs.
Black Woodpecker A male black woodpecker (Dryocopus martius) next to its nest. This shy woodpecker is the biggest of the species in Europe. The female was always close, their strong calls echoing through the forest. 

In their nest they were having a massive redecoration, constantly hammering.

http://www.kurt-fotografie.nl/index.php?album=vogels&image=zwarte+specht.jpg Black Woodpecker,Dryocopus martius,Geotagged,The Netherlands

Habitat

It lives in mature forest across the northern palearctic. It is the sole representative of its genus in that region. Its range is expanding in Eurasia. It does not migrate.

References:

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Status: Least concern
EX EW CR EN VU NT LC
Taxonomy
KingdomAnimalia
DivisionChordata
ClassAves
OrderPiciformes
FamilyPicidae
GenusDryocopus
SpeciesD. martius
Photographed in
Finland
Netherlands