Red triangle slug

Triboniophorus graeffei

The red triangle slug, scientific name ''Triboniophorus graeffei'', is a species of large air-breathing land slug, a terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusk in the family Athoracophoridae, the leaf-veined slugs.

This large , often colorful and striking-looking species is found in eastern Australia. It is Australia's largest native land slug. It is a common part of the fauna.

''Triboniophorus graeffei'' is the type species of the genus ''Triboniophorus''. A closely related species is the as-yet-unnamed ''Triboniophorus aff. graeffei''.
Red Triangle Slug Triboniophorus graeffei  Australia,Geotagged,Red triangle slug,Spring,Triboniophorus graeffei

Appearance

These slugs have two, not four, tentacles, and like other leaf-vein slugs, they have an indented pattern on their dorsum which resembles that of a leaf. The body length is up to 14 cm.

They are very variable in color. Individual slugs can be white, off-white, yellow, dark or light grey, beige, pink, red, or olive green. Each of the color forms have a red triangle on the mantle surrounding the pneumostome, and a red line at the edge of the foot. The texture of the dorsum of the slug can be smooth or very rough.

Juveniles lack the typical red foot border and red triangle of the adults but have three dark grey stripes running down the dorsal surface of their body and have the triangular mantle shield outlined with grey.

Research is currently being carried out in an attempt to determine if some of the different colourations may actually represent different species or subspecies.

Distribution

This slug species occurs on the east coast of Australia, from New South Wales to Queensland.

A bright pink variation, ''Triboniophorus aff. graeffei'', are found exclusively on Mount Kaputar.

Solem mentioned a possible introduction of this species to the New Hebrides, but no material was available to confirm it.

Habitat

Red triangle slugs are found in damp situations in various habitats, including city gardens, forests, woodland and heaths.

References:

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Taxonomy
KingdomAnimalia
DivisionMollusca
ClassGastropoda
OrderStylommatophora
FamilyAthoracophoridae
GenusTriboniophorus
SpeciesT. graeffei
Photographed in
Australia