Common wasp

Vespula vulgaris

''Vespula vulgaris'', known as the common wasp, is a wasp found in various regions of the world including the United Kingdom, Germany, India, China, New Zealand, and Australia. It is sometimes known as the European wasp; the same name is used for the species ''Vespula germanica'', which is also known as the German wasp. Another name for ''Vespula vulgaris'' is the "common yellow-jacket". It was discovered in 2010 that wasps in North America thought to be ''Vespula vulgaris'' are actually a different species, ''Vespula alascensis''.

''Vespula vulgaris'' is a eusocial vespid that builds its grey paper nest in or on a structure capable of supporting it. A founding queen searches for a hollow tree, wall cavity, rock crevice or even a mammal-made hole to build a nest. One colony cycle lasts for approximately 6–11 months and each colony cycle consists of around 3000–8000 larvae.

The extraordinary adaptation skills of ''Vespula vulgaris'' enable it to live in a wide range of habitats, from very humid areas to artificial environments such as gardens and human structures. This species, along with other wasp species such as ''Vespula germanica'', has impacted the ecosystem, especially those in New Zealand and Australia, where they were imported by humans, and frequently cause damage to fruit crops and endanger humans.

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