Maroon clownfish

Premnas biaculeatus

''Premnas biaculeatus'', commonly known as spine-cheeked anemonefish or the maroon clownfish, is a species of anemonefish that is found in the Indo-Pacific from western Indonesia to Taiwan and the Great Barrier Reef. They can grow up to be about 17 centimetres . Like all anemonefishes it forms a symbiotic mutualism with sea anemones and is unaffected by the stinging tentacles of the host anemone. It is a sequential hermaphrodite with a strict sized based dominance hierarchy: the female is largest, the breeding male is second largest, and the male non-breeders get progressively smaller as the hierarchy descends. They exhibit protandry, meaning the breeding male will change to female if the sole breeding female dies, with the largest non-breeder becomes the breeding male. The fish's natural diet includes algae and zooplankton.
Spinecheek Anemonefish - Premnas biaculeatus                                 Anemonefish,Cebu,Clownfish,Geotagged,Maroon clownfish,Moal-Boal,Philippines,Premnas biaculeatus,Spring

Appearance

The characteristic that defines this genus is the spine on the cheek. The color of the body and bars varies according to sex and geographic location. Despite the common name of Maroon clownfish, only some females have a maroon body color, with a range of color to dark brown. Juveniles and males are bright red-orange. The fish has three body bars which may be white, grey or yellow. Where the female bars are grey, they can be "switched" rapidly to white if fish is provoked. The sized based dominance hierarchy means in any group of anemonefish the female is always larger than the male. There is a significant difference in size for this species with females being one of the largest anemonefish, growing up to 17 centimetres while males are much smaller, usually being 6–7 centimetres .
Spine-cheeked anemonefish (Premnas biaculeatus) Tanjung Paudean, Lembeh. Geotagged,Indonesia,Maroon clownfish,Premnas biaculeatus,Spring

Naming

There are no similar species because the cheek spine is distinctive of the genus and presently all geographic variations of the fish are considered to be the one species. Genetic analysis has shown that it is closely related to ''A. percula'' and ''A. latezonatus''.
Maroon Clownfish The characteristic that defines this genus is the spine on the cheek. Only some females have a maroon body color, with a range of color to dark brown. Juveniles and males are bright red-orange. The fish has three body bars which may be white, grey or yellow. Where the female bars are grey, they can be "switched" rapidly to white if fish is provoked. As other anemone fishes it is a sequential hermaphrodite with a strict sized based dominance hierarchy: the female is largest, the breeding male is second largest, and the male non-breeders get progressively smaller as the hierarchy descends. They exhibit protandry, meaning the breeding male will change to female if the sole breeding female dies, with the largest non-breeder becomes the breeding male
Habitat:
Shallow coral reef in the shoreline of Lankayan, Sabah.     Fall,Geotagged,Malaysia,Maroon clownfish,Premnas biaculeatus

Distribution

''P. biaculeatus'' is found in the Malay Archipelago and Western Pacific Ocean north of the Great Barrier Reef.
Maroon Clownfish (Premnas_biaculeatus) Dauin, Oct 5, 2012.
The female is usually larger than the male and dark red or maroon, and the male smaller and a bright red.
Habitat: Found in the Indo-Pacific from western Indonesia to Taiwan and the Great Barrier Reef. Geotagged,Maroon clownfish,Philippines,Premnas biaculeatus

Habitat

''P. biaculeatus'' is found in the Malay Archipelago and Western Pacific Ocean north of the Great Barrier Reef.

References:

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Taxonomy
KingdomAnimalia
DivisionChordata
ClassActinopterygii
OrderPerciformes
FamilyPomacentridae
GenusPremnas
SpeciesP. biaculeatus