Wood blewit

Lepista nuda

''Clitocybe nuda'' , is an edible mushroom, found in both coniferous and deciduous woodlands. It is a fairly distinctive mushroom that is widely eaten, though there is some caution about edibility. Nevertheless, it has been cultivated in Britain, the Netherlands and France.
Wood Blewit Lilac-pink, sticky cap that was approximately 7 cm wide. It was dark pinkish-purple in the middle, and lighter pink around the margin of the cap. The margin was slightly inrolled. Gills were white/lilac and were close/crowded. Stem was lilac and white.

Lepista nuda sends out hyphae into the soil, which penetrate bacterial colonies and kill them by sucking up their nutrients. Clitocybe nuda,Fall,Geotagged,Lepista nuda,United States,Wood Blewit,fungus,mushroom,pink mushroom

Appearance

This mushroom can range from lilac to purple-pink. Some North American specimens are duller and tend toward tan, but usually have purplish tones on the stem and gills. The gills are attached to the short, stout stem. Mature specimens have a darker color and flatter cap; younger ones are lighter with more convex caps. Wood blewits have a very distinctive odor, which has been likened by one author to that of frozen orange juice.

Wood blewits can be confused with certain purple species of the genus ''Cortinarius'', including the uncommon ''C. camphoratus'', many of which may be poisonous. ''Cortinarius'' mushrooms often have the remains of a veil under their caps and a ring-like impression on their stem. Wood blewits can be easily distinguished by their odor, as well as by their spore print. Wood blewits have a light spore print; ''Cortinarius'' species produce a rusty brown spore print after several hours on white paper. Their brown spores often dust their stems and objects beneath them.
Wood Blewits (Lepista nuda) Growing at a dense mixed forest edge (in a hay-covered, disturbed area I'm rehabbing).
https://www.jungledragon.com/image/87272/wood_blewits_lepista_nuda.html Fall,Geotagged,Lepista nuda,United States,Wood blewit

Naming

The French mycologist Pierre Bulliard described the wood blewit in 1790 as ''Agaricus nudus''. Paul Kummer placed it in the genus ''Tricholoma'' in 1871, the same year that Mordecai Cubitt Cooke placed it in ''Lepista''. It was known by these names for many years. The widely used synonym ''Lepista nuda'' should no longer be used since Lepista has been synonymized with Clitocybe. The primary issue here is a debate about the correct type species for the genus ''Clitocybe''. Some, including Singer, take the type to be ''C. gibba''. However, the majority of experts now take ''C. nebularis'' to be the type. If ''C. nebularis'' is taken to be the type, then ''Lepista'' becomes a deprecated synonym of ''Clitocybe'', and ''Clitocybe nuda'' is the correct name for this species.
Wood Blewit - Lepista nuda Cap: Tan; smooth; inrolled, wavy margin; nearly flat

Gills: Attached; buff/brownish

Stem: Buff; enlarged base

Habitat: Leaf litter of deciduous forest

Fun fact: Lepista nuda sends out hyphae into the soil, which penetrate bacterial colonies and kill them by sucking up their nutrients.
https://www.jungledragon.com/image/75773/wood_blewit_-_lepista_nuda.html
https://www.jungledragon.com/image/75774/wood_blewit_-_lepista_nuda.html Fall,Geotagged,Lepista nuda,United States,Wood blewit

Distribution

The wood blewit is found in Europe and North America and is becoming more common in Australia, where it appears to have been introduced. It is a saprotrophic species, growing on decaying leaf litter. In the United Kingdom, it appears from September through to December.

Soil analysis of soil containing mycelium from a wood blewit fairy ring under Norway spruce and Scots pine in southeast Sweden yielded fourteen halogenated low molecular weight organic compounds, three of which were brominated and the others chlorinated. It is unclear whether these were metabolites or pollutants. Brominated compounds are unknown as metabolites from terrestrial fungi.
Wood Blewits (Lepista nuda) Growing at a dense mixed forest edge (in a hay-covered, disturbed area I'm rehabbing).
https://www.jungledragon.com/image/87273/wood_blewits_lepista_nuda.html Fall,Geotagged,Lepista nuda,United States,Wood blewit

Habitat

The wood blewit is found in Europe and North America and is becoming more common in Australia, where it appears to have been introduced. It is a saprotrophic species, growing on decaying leaf litter. In the United Kingdom, it appears from September through to December.

Soil analysis of soil containing mycelium from a wood blewit fairy ring under Norway spruce and Scots pine in southeast Sweden yielded fourteen halogenated low molecular weight organic compounds, three of which were brominated and the others chlorinated. It is unclear whether these were metabolites or pollutants. Brominated compounds are unknown as metabolites from terrestrial fungi.

References:

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Taxonomy
KingdomFungi
DivisionBasidiomycota
ClassAgaricomycetes
OrderAgaricales
FamilyTricholomataceae
GenusClitocybe
SpeciesL. nuda