Craterellus tubaeformis

''Craterellus tubaeformis'' is an edible fungus, also known as Yellowfoot, winter mushroom, or Funnel Chanterelle. It is mycorrhizal, forming symbiotic associations with plants, making it very challenging to cultivate. It is smaller than the golden chanterelle and has a dark brown cap with paler gills and a hollow yellow stem. ''C. tubaeformis'' tastes stronger but less fruity than the golden chanterelle. It has a very distinctive smokey, peppery taste when raw.

''C. tubaeformis'' is a yellowish-brown and trumpet-shaped mushroom found in great numbers late in the mushroom season, thus earning the common name winter mushroom. The cap is convex and sometimes hollow down the middle. The gills are widely separated, and of lighter color than the cap. It grows on moss or rotten wood, is found mostly in conifer bogs. It is an excellent food mushroom, especially fried or in soups, and is easily dried for preservation.

Molecular phylogenetics has shown that ''C. tubaeformis'' deserves its reclassification from ''Cantharellus'' to ''Craterellus''. Additionally, it appears that there are two distinct genetic populations that have traditionally been called ''tubaeformis'': one in Europe and eastern North America, and another in western North America. If these two groups are defined as separate species, the "eastern" yellowfoot would retain the scientific epithet ''tubaeformis'' due to the origin of the type specimens in Sweden.

The western North American ''C. tubaeformis'' has been shown to make ectomycorrhizal relationships with western hemlock and Douglas-fir . It is also most common in forests with a large amount of well-rotted coarse woody debris.
Yellowfoot Chanterelle  Craterellus tubaeformis


''Craterellus lutescens'' differs only in colours, but is more rare, and is found only from very wet places. Both mushrooms are edible and taste similar, and are usually mixed.


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SpeciesC. tubaeformis