Sceliphron curvatum

Sceliphron curvatum

''Sceliphron curvatum'' is an insect of the ''Sceliphron'' genus, of the Sphecidae family of wasps. Like all wasps of this genus, it is a solitary species and builds nests out of mud. ''S. curvatum'' is native to some regions of Asia and invasive to Europe.
Mud-dauber spider-hunting sphecid wasp Mud dauber wasp - Sceliphron curvatum
Unfortunately this is the only photo a managed to take of this interesting wasp. It is invasive to Europe. First records of S. curvatum in Bulgaria are from 1997, from central and south-west Bulgaria. I captured this one in Central Sofia.  Animalia,Arthropoda,Boris' Garden,Bulgaria,Europe,Geotagged,Hymenoptera,Insecta,Invasive species,Mud dauber wasp,Park Borisova gradina,Sceliphron curvatum,Sofia,Sphecidae,Spider-hunting sphecid,Spring,Thread-waisted wasp,Wildlife

Appearance

''Sceliphron curvatum'' is 15 to 25 millimetres long and is coloured black with yellow and red ornaments. It builds nests of mud on the walls of buildings but also very often indoor on piles of books, clothes or pieces of furniture. Every nest is filled with paralyzed spiders, which serve as food for the larvae. Like all ''Sceliphron'' species, ''S. curvatum'' is not aggressive and does not sting unless mishandled.

Distribution

Formerly, the species was distributed in India, Nepal, Pakistan, Kazakhstan and Tadjikistan in submontaneous regions at the highest mountain ranges of the world: Himalayas, Karakoram and Pami. It was first recorded in Europe in 1979 when a female was collected near the village Grätsch in southeastern Austria. It is assumed that ''S. curvatum'' was introduced to Europe as a result of human activity but after that the species has been spreading throughout Europe at most itself. Since 1979 the species has expanded to other European countries: Slovenia, Italy, Croatia, Switzerland, France, Hungary, Germany, Serbia and Montenegro, Greece, Czech Republic^, [Basque Country] and Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania. ''S. curvatum'' has been quickly enlarging its area in Europe and forming mighty populations in antropogenous localities in southern and central Europe.

References:

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Taxonomy
KingdomAnimalia
DivisionArthropoda
ClassInsecta
OrderHymenoptera
FamilySphecidae
GenusSceliphron
SpeciesS. curvatum
Photographed in
Bulgaria