Cornelian cherry

Cornus mas

''Cornus mas'' is a species of flowering plant in the dogwood family Cornaceae, native to southern Europe , Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Turkey, Lebanon and Syria.

It is a medium to large deciduous shrub or small tree growing to 5–12 m tall, with dark brown branches and greenish twigs. The leaves are opposite, 4–10 cm long and 2–4 cm broad, with an ovate to oblong shape and an entire margin. The flowers are small , with four yellow petals, produced in clusters of 10–25 together in the late winter, well before the leaves appear. The fruit is an oblong red drupe 2 cm long and 1.5 cm in diameter, containing a single seed.
Blossoms of a Cornelian cherry bush (Cornus mas) in the early spring Blooming flowers of Cornelian cherry European cornel Cornelian (Cornus mas) Bulgaria,Cornelian cherry,Cornus mas,background,beauty,bloom,blooming,blossom,blue,branch,cherry,closeup,color,colorful,cornel,cornelian,corneliancherry,corneliancherrydogwood,cornus,cornusmas

Evolution

''Cornus mas'', "male" cornel, was named so to distinguish it from the true dogberry, the "female" cornel, ''Cornus sanguinea'', and so it appears in John Gerard's ''Herbal''. The shrub was not native to the British Isles. William Turner had only heard of the plant in 1548, but by 1551 he had heard of one at Hampton Court Palace. Gerard said it was to be found in the gardens "of such as love rare and dainty plants" and by the 17th century, the fruits were being pickled in brine or served up in tarts.

The appreciation of the early acid-yellow flowers is largely a 20th-century development. The Royal Horticultural Society gave ''Cornus mas'' an Award of Garden Merit in 1924. The cultivars 'Golden glory' and 'Variegata' have also gained the award.

References:

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Taxonomy
KingdomPlantae
DivisionAngiosperms
ClassEudicots
OrderCornales
FamilyCornaceae
GenusCornus
SpeciesC. mas
Photographed in
Bulgaria
Germany