Chocolate lily

Fritillaria affinis

''Fritillaria affinis'' is a highly variable species in the genus ''Fritillaria'', native to western North America, in California, Klamath Ranges, the north coast ranges, Cascade Ranges, north Sierra Nevada foothills, and the San Francisco Bay Area, north to British Columbia, Oregon, Washington, Montana and Idaho.
Chocolate Lilies! These lilies were growing amongst the Meadow Death Camas right near the ocean. Not too common around here! Canada,Chocolate lily,Fritillaria affinis,Geotagged,Spring


It grows from a bulb, which resembles a small mass of rice grains. The stems are 10–120 cm tall. The flowers are produced in the spring, nodding, 1–4 cm, yellowish or greenish brown with a lot of yellow mottling to purplish black with little mottling, or yellow-green mottled with purple. The leaves are in whorls.
Chocolate lily It's shaping up to be a good year for flowers. This trail is known for having the rare chocolate lily, but this year it has a bumper crop! Fritillaria affinis,Geotagged,Spring,United States,chocolate lily


There are two varieties:
⤷ ''Fritillaria affinis'' var. ''affinis:'' This the more common and widespread variant, occurring throughout the plant's range. It can be differentiated from var. ''tristulis'' by its stronger mottling pattern. Its bulb has 2 to 20 small scales.
⤷ ''Fritillaria affinis'' var. ''tristulis:'' This variant is much less widespread; it is found only in Marin County on the north coast of California. It has a much more subtle mottling pattern and is generally darker overall. Its bulb has 60 to 100 small scales.
Chocolate lily  Fritillaria affinis,Geotagged,Spring,United States,chocolate lily


Its habitat includes oak or pine scrub or open woods and thickets near the coast.
Fritilllaria affinis var. tristulis  Chocolate lily,Fritillaria affinis,Geotagged,United States,Winter


Prefers low to mid-elevation, shade or part shade, dry summer dormancy, good drainage. Some sources say that it may be difficult to cultivate, but other sources say that it is one of the easiest fritillaries to grow. The roots or bulbs cooked make palatable and nutritious food. Historically, the bulbs of this plant were eaten steamed by Salish Native American peoples, including the Squamish, Sechelt, Halq'emeylem and Straits Salish.


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SpeciesF. affinis