Purple gallinule

Porphyrio martinicus

The purple gallinule is a "swamp hen" in the rail family, Rallidae. Also known locally as the yellow-legged gallinule. The genus name ''Porphyrio'' is the Latin for "swamphen", and ''martinica'' is "of Martinique".
Purple Gallinule                                 Porphyrio martinicus,Purple gallinule


This is a medium-sized rail, measuring 26–37 cm in length, spanning 50–61 cm across the wings and weighing 141–305 g . Males, averaging 257 g in mass, are slightly larger than females, at 215 g on average. The adult purple gallinule has big yellow feet, purple-blue plumage with a green back, and red and yellow bill. It has a pale blue forehead shield and white undertail. Darkness or low light can dim the bright purple-blue plumage of the adult to make them look dusky or brownish, although the forehead shield color differentiates them from similar species such as common gallinules.

Juveniles are brown overall with a brownish olive back. These gallinules will fly short distances with dangling legs.
Purple Gallinule On the Llanos at Hato Pinero Hato Pinero,Los Llanos,Porphyrio martinicus,Purple gallinule


This species is a very rare vagrant to western Europe and southwestern Africa. There is a similarly named species in Europe, Asia and Africa, the purple swamphen, ''Porphyrio porphyrio'', but that bird is much larger.
Purple Gallinule (Porphyrio martinicus)  Anhinga Trail,Animal,Bird,Everglades,Everglades National Park,Florida,Geotagged,Gruiformes,Nature,Porphyrio,Porphyrio martinicus,Purple Gallinule,Purple gallinule,Rallidae,Royal Palm,Swamphen,United States,United States of America,Vertebrate,Winter


Their breeding habitat is warm swamps and marshes in southeastern states of the United States and the tropical regions of Central America, the Caribbean and northern South America. This species is resident in southern Florida and the tropics, but most American birds are migratory, wintering south to Argentina.

The nest is a floating structure in a marsh. Five to ten eggs are laid. Their coloration is buff with brown spots.
Purple Gallinule on the edge of the laguna Costa Rica,Porphyrio martinicus,Purple gallinule,maquenque lodge


They are omnivorous - their diet being known to include a wide variety of plant and animal matter, including seeds, leaves and fruits of both aquatic and terrestrial plants, as well as insects, frogs, snails, spiders, earthworms and fish. They have also been known to eat the eggs and young of other birds.


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SpeciesP. martinicus