Large pine weevil

Hylobius abietis

''Hylobius abietis'' or the large pine weevilis a beetle belonging from Curculionidae. This species is regarded as the most important pest of conifer seedlings planted after clear felling throughout Europe especially in countries which use this way of forest management. The weevils cause damage by eating the bark of seedlings thus preventing its further growth, or even killing them.
Large pine weevil, Loonse en Drunense Duinen, Netherlands Here you can see this beautiful weevil do what it's hated for most: eating bark, which may be ultimately fatal to some trees. The pest effect is likely manageable in a forest or garden. It is felt most by commercial growers of trees, whom often use phosphor to accelerate growth. Such trees are this weevil's favorite. Europe,Geotagged,Hylobius abietis,Large pine weevil,Loonse en Drunense Duinen,Netherlands,Summer,World


The adult is 10-13 mm in length , dark brown with patches of yellow or light brown hairs arranged in irregular rows. The legs are black or deep red with a distinctive tooth on the femora and at the end of tibiae.
The full grown larvae are 14 to 16 mm, typical for weevils, apodial, curved and are whitish, with brown head.
Dead end street End of the line for this pine weevil, took this photo in the Kampina close to Boxtel the Netherlands. Hylobius abietis,Large pine weevil


Adults can be found all year long although they usually hibernate during the cold winter months.
The reproduction ready images are attracted to freshly cut stumps of conifers. Eggs are deposited singly under the ground into stamp thick roots or in the soil in their vicinity. Large pine weevils can locate spost on the ground to dig into in a great precision using olfactory cuer. Mating also usually takes place in the soil..
To get maturation, adults feed on the bark and phloem of seedlings and young coniferous, but sometime also deciduous trees, causing severe growth loss, stem deformities sand increased mortality. Thus, in the years following the clearing of plots and planting of new seedlings, adults that hatch in large numbers and may cause a plague.

The large pine weevil have a tendency to attack artificially fertilized trees, especially those fertilized with phosphorus which causes greater nutritional quality of phloem for the weevils or make faster more attractive plants for the weevils due to faster growing.In the spring, after hibernation, in the ground in the forest litter, females lay eggs on in or near the roots, of freshly felled trees or sick. A female can lay up to 100 eggs in her life. The larvae hatch after 2 or 3 weeks, and feed under the bark, excavating galleries and complete development, ending with pupation case, leaving the entrance blocked by sawdust. The pupae are immobile, cream in colour and soft bodied. This phase lasts 2 or 3 weeks, after which the insect leaves the chamber as an adult.
With favorable weather the entire development lasts four to five months. The oviposition takes place in April or May, so the weevils emerge in August or September, but are not sexually active until after the winter.
The imago lives from two to three years, during which it reproduce in following seasons.
In colder seasons the larval development is longer and then the whole cycle lasts twelve months, resulting that imagos able to reproduce quickly.
Biennial generation it is also common, by which the larvae hatch from eggs laid in May, live through the hole season overwinter and imago appears in July or August next year.


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SpeciesH. abietis
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