Rose-ringed parakeet

Psittacula krameri

The rose-ringed parakeet, also known as the ring-necked parakeet, is a gregarious tropical Afro-Asian parakeet species that has an extremely large range.
Rose-ringed parakeet enjoying food  Fall,Geotagged,Germany,Psittacula krameri,Rose-ringed parakeet

Appearance

The rose-ringed parakeet is sexually dimorphic. The adult male sports a red or black neck-ring and the hen and immature birds of both sexes either show no neck rings, or display shadow-like pale to dark grey neck rings. Indian rose-ringed parakeets measure on average 40 cm in length including the tail feathers, a large portion of their total length. Their average single wing length is about 15–17.5 cm . In the wild, this is a noisy species with an unmistakable squawking call and a distinctive green colour. It is herbivorous and non-migrating.
Landing  Fall,Geotagged,Germany,Psittacula krameri,Rose-ringed parakeet

Naming

The scientific name commemorates the Austrian naturalist Wilhelm Heinrich Kramer.
Rose-ringed parakeet female - Psittacula krameri Captured in the center of Thessaloniki. Animal,Animalia,Aves,Bird,Central Macedonia,Chordata,Europe,Geotagged,Greece,Invasive species,Nature,Psittacidae,Psittaciformes,Psittacula krameri,Rose-ringed parakeet,Thessaloniki,Wildlife,Winter

Distribution

Four subspecies are recognized, though they differ little:
⤷  African subspecies:
⟶ African rose-ringed parakeet : western Africa in Guinea, Senegal and southern Mauritania, east to western Uganda and southern Sudan, Egypt. Resident among the Nile valley and certainly Giza sometimes seen on the north coast and Sinai. The African parakeet also started to breed in Israel in the 1980s and is considered an invasive species.
⟶ Abyssinian rose-ringed parakeet : northwest Somalia, west across northern Ethiopia to Sennar district, Sudan.
⤷  Asian subspecies:
⟶ Indian rose-ringed parakeet originates from the southern Indian Subcontinent and has feral and naturalized populations worldwide. In Australia, Great Britain , the United States, and other western countries, it is often referred to as the Indian ringneck parrot.
⟶ Boreal rose-ringed parakeet is distributed in Bangladesh, Pakistan, northern India and Nepal to central Burma; introduced populations are found worldwide.

A phylogenetic analysis using DNA showed that the Mauritius parakeet is closely related to this species, and probably needs to be placed between the African and Asian subspecies. Consequently, this species is paraphyletic.
Rose-ringed parakeet - Psittacula krameri https://youtu.be/08ayjOGU8-I Psittacula krameri,Rose-ringed parakeet

Status

One of the few parrot species that have successfully adapted to living in disturbed habitats, it has withstood the onslaught of urbanization and deforestation. As a popular pet species, escaped birds have colonized a number of cities around the world. Since the population appears to be increasing, the species was evaluated as being of least concern by the IUCN in 2012, but its popularity as a pet and unpopularity with farmers have both reduced its numbers in some parts of its native range.
Rose-ringed parakeet  couple in deep love Rose-ringed parakeet 
(Psittacula krameri), also known as the ring-necked parakeet,
https://youtu.be/08ayjOGU8-I Geotagged,India,Psittacula krameri,Rose-ringed parakeet

Reproduction

In north-west India, Indian rose-ringed parakeets form pairs from September to December. They do not have life mates and often breed with another partner during the following breeding season. During this cold season, they select and defend nesting sites, and thus avoid competition for sites with other birds. Feeding on winter pea crops provides the female with nutrients necessary for egg production. From April to June, they care for their young. Fledgings are ready to leave the nest before monsoon.
Rose-ringed parakeet - Psittacula krameri https://youtu.be/08ayjOGU8-I Geotagged,India,Psittacula krameri,Rose-ringed parakeet,Winter

Food

In the wild, rose-ringed parakeets usually feed on buds, fruits, vegetables, nuts, berries and seeds. Wild flocks also fly several miles to forage in farmlands and orchards causing extensive damage.



In India, they feed on cereal grains, and during winter also on pigeon peas. In Egypt, during the spring they feed on mulberry and in summer they feed on dates and nest inside palm trees and eat from sunflower and corn fields.
Rose-ringed parakeet Rose-ringed parakeet Geotagged,India,Psittacula krameri,Rose-ringed parakeet,Summer

Cultural

Rose-ringed parakeets are popular as pets and they have a long history in aviculture. The ancient Greeks kept the Indian subspecies ''P. krameri manillensis'', and the ancient Romans kept the African subspecies ''P. krameri krameri''. Colour mutations of the Indian rose-ringed parakeet subspecies have become widely available in recent years.

References:

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