Australian Ringneck

Barnardius zonarius

The Australian Ringneck is a parrot native to Australia. Except for extreme tropical and highland areas, the species has adapted to all conditions. Traditionally, two species were recognised in the genus ''Barnardius'', the Port Lincoln Parrot and the Mallee Ringneck , but the two species readily interbred at the contact zone and are now considered one species.
Ring necked parrot Seen feeding on the ground, in the early morning walking on a farm in Western Australia. Australia,Australian Ringneck,Barnardius zonarius,Geotagged,Summer

Appearance

The subspecies of the Australian Ringneck differ considerably in colouration. It is a medium size species around 33 cm long. The basic colour is green, and all four subspecies have the characteristic yellow ring around the hindneck; wings and tail are a mixture of green and blue.


The ''B. z. zonarius'' and ''B. z. semitorquatus'' subspecies have a dull black head; back, rump and wings are brilliant green; throat and breast bluish-green. The difference between these two subspecies is that ''B. z. zonarius'' has a yellow abdomen while ''B. z. semitorquatus'' has a green abdomen; the latter has also a prominent crimson frontal band that the former lacks . The two other subspecies differ from these subspecies by the bright green crown and nape and blush cheek-patches. The underparts of ''B. z. barnardi'' are turquoise-green with an irregular orange-yellow band across the abdomen; the back and mantle are deep blackish-blue and this subspecies has a prominent red frontal band. The ''B. z. macgillivrayi'' is generally pale green, with no red frontal band, and a wide uniform pale yellow band across the abdomen.

The calls of the Mallee Ringneck and Cloncurry Parrot have been described as "ringing", and the calls of the Port Lincoln Ringneck and Twenty-eight have been described as "strident". The name of the Twenty-eight Parrot is an onomatopoeic derived from its distinctive 'twentee-eight' call.
Port Lincoln Parrot- Barnardius zonarius Feeding on wattle tree seeds. Australia,Australian Ringneck,Barnardius zonarius,Geotagged,Spring

Naming

The Australian Ringneck was first described by the English naturalist George Shaw in 1805. It is a Broad-tailed parrot and related to the rosellas of the genus ''Platycercus''; it has been placed in that genus by some authorities, including Ferdinand Bauer.
Australian Ringneck - Barnardius zonarius Seen in Pairi Daiza, Sep 2016.
 Australian Ringneck,Barnardius zonarius,Belgium,Geotagged,Summer

Behavior

The Australian Ringneck is active during the day and can be found in eucalypt woodlands and eucalypt-lined watercourses. The species is gregarious and depending on the conditions can be resident or nomadic. In trials of growing hybrid eucalypt trees in dry environments parrots, especially the Port Lincoln Parrot, caused severe damage to the crowns of the younger trees during the research period between 2000–3.

Reproduction

Breeding season for the Northern populations starts in June or July, while the central and southern populations breed from August to February, but this can be delayed when climatic conditions are unfavourable. The nesting site is a hollow in a tree trunk. Generally four or five white oval eggs are laid measuring 29 mm x 23 mm, although a clutch may be as few as three and as many as six.

Food

This species eats a wide range of foods that include nectar, insects, seeds, fruit, and native and introduced bulbs. It will eat orchard-grown fruit and is sometimes seen as a pest by farmers.

References:

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Status: Least concern
EX EW CR EN VU NT LC
Taxonomy
KingdomAnimalia
DivisionChordata
ClassAves
OrderPsittaciformes
FamilyPsittaculidae
GenusBarnardius
SpeciesB. zonarius
Photographed in
Australia
Belgium