Asian elephant

Elephas maximus

The Asian or Asiatic elephant is the only living species of the genus ''Elephas'' and is distributed in Southeast Asia from India in the west to Borneo in the east. Three subspecies are recognized — ''Elephas maximus maximus'' from Sri Lanka, the Indian elephant or ''E. m. indicus'' from mainland Asia, and ''E. m. sumatranus'' from the island of Sumatra. Asian elephants are the largest living land animals in Asia.