Lesser Adjutant

Leptoptilos javanicus

The Lesser Adjutant is a large wading bird in the stork family Ciconiidae. Like other members of its genus, it has a bare neck and head. It is however more closely associated with wetland habitats where it is solitary and is less likely to scavenge than the related Greater Adjutant. It is a widespread species found from India through Southeast Asia to Java.
Lesser Adjutant Lesser Adjutant (Leptoptilos javanicus) at Wilpattu national park.                                Geotagged,Leptoptilos javanicus,Lesser Adjutant,Sri Lanka

Appearance

A large stork with an upright stance, a bare head and neck without a pendant pounch, it has a length of 87–93 cm , weigh from 4 to 5.71 kg and stands about 110–120 cm tall. The only confusable species is the Greater Adjutant, but this species is generally smaller and has a straight upper bill edge , measuring 25.8–30.8 cm in length, with a paler base and appears slightly trimmer and less hunch-backed. The skullcap is paler and the upper plumage is uniformly dark, appearing almost all black. The nearly naked head and neck have a few scattered hair-like feathers. The upper shank or tibia is grey rather than pink, the tarsus measures 22.5–26.8 cm . The belly and undertail are white. Juveniles are a duller version of the adult but have more feathers on the nape. During the breeding season, the face is reddish and the neck is orange. The larger median wing coverts are tipped with copper spots and the inner secondary coverts and tertials have narrow white edging. The wing chord measures 57.5–66 cm in length. Like others in the genus, they retract their necks in flight. In flight, the folded neck can appear like the pouch of the Greater Adjutant. Males and females appear similar in plumage but males tend to be larger and heavier billed.
A bit out of place! Normally the Lesser Adjutant is found near water, not in the middle of the jungle going for a walk! :/ Fall,Geotagged,India,Leptoptilos javanicus,Lesser Adjutant,Nagarhole,adhocphotographer,india,john rowell,kabini,karnataka

Distribution

The Lesser Adjutant tends to be widely dispersed and is very local. It is often found in large rivers and lakes inside well wooded regions. It is found in India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh , Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, Laos, Singapore, Indonesia and Cambodia. The largest population is in India in the eastern states of Assam, West Bengal and Bihar. It may occur as a vagrant on the southern edge of Bhutan. They are extremely rare in southern India.
Vulnerable lesser adjutant stork Lesser adjutant Stork(Leptoptilos javanicus),

Bird family: CICONIIFORMES

at Tala range, Bandhavgarh national park and tiger reserve, M.P. India

Justification: 
This stork is listed as Vulnerable
because its population is suspected to be rapidly declining as a result of a variety of threats including hunting pressure, loss of nesting trees, conversion and degradation of wetlands and agricultural changes and intensification. Conservation
action is benefiting one key
population in Cambodia, but rapid
declines are likely to be ongoing
elsewhere across the range.

Possibly extinct: China

Regionally extinct: Singapore 

Vagrant: Bhutan Range

source:#iucn
http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/22697713/0 70-300,Bird,D5200,India,Leptoptilos javanicus,Lesser Adjutant,Nikon,NikonD5200,Tamron,abhitap,bandhavgarh,birding,birds,incredibleindia,india,life,madhya pradesh,safari,tala,umaria

Behavior

The Lesser Adjutant stalks around wetlands feeding mainly on fish, frogs, reptiles and large invertebrates. They rarely feed on carrion. They may also take small birds and rodents particularly during the breeding season. They are solitary except during the breeding season when they form loose colonies. The breeding season is February to May in southern India and November to January in northeastern India. The nest is a large platform of sticks placed on a tall tree. The nest diameter is more than a metre and up to a metre deep. The clutch consists of three to four eggs. They are silent but have been noted to clatter their bill, hiss and moan at the nest.
Lesser Adjutant in tree, Wilpaththu, Sri Lanka  Asia,Leptoptilos javanicus,Lesser Adjutant,Sri Lanka,Wilpaththu

Habitat

The Lesser Adjutant tends to be widely dispersed and is very local. It is often found in large rivers and lakes inside well wooded regions. It is found in India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh , Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, Laos, Singapore, Indonesia and Cambodia. The largest population is in India in the eastern states of Assam, West Bengal and Bihar. It may occur as a vagrant on the southern edge of Bhutan. They are extremely rare in southern India.The Lesser Adjutant stalks around wetlands feeding mainly on fish, frogs, reptiles and large invertebrates. They rarely feed on carrion. They may also take small birds and rodents particularly during the breeding season. They are solitary except during the breeding season when they form loose colonies. The breeding season is February to May in southern India and November to January in northeastern India. The nest is a large platform of sticks placed on a tall tree. The nest diameter is more than a metre and up to a metre deep. The clutch consists of three to four eggs. They are silent but have been noted to clatter their bill, hiss and moan at the nest.

References:

Some text fragments are auto parsed from Wikipedia.

Status: Vulnerable
EX EW CR EN VU NT LC
Taxonomy
KingdomAnimalia
DivisionChordata
ClassAves
OrderCiconiiformes
FamilyCiconiidae
GenusLeptoptilos
SpeciesL. javanicus