Angelim vermelho

Dinizia excelsa

''Dinizia excelsa'' is a South American canopy-emergent tropical rainforest tree species in the family Fabaceae, native to primarily Brazil and Guyana. In Portuguese it is known as angelim vermelho, angelim, angelim pedra, and paricá, or sometimes angelim falso, faveira, faveira-dura, faveira-ferro or faveiro-do-grande. In Trio it is called awaraimë. In Wapisiana it is called parakwa.
Angelim Tree One of the emergent trees of the Brazilian rainforest, possibly the tallest tree in that rainforest.  This is relatively younger than some of the larger specimens, as evidenced by its "smooth bark".  It is the largest plant in the pea family.  Its timber is much sought, as its wood is very heavy; hard; very durable, even in contact with the soil, being resistant to fungi, dry wood borers and termites.  The tallest measured specimen is 88.5 m, with a circumference of 5.5 m and was found in Para State in 2019.  This specimen was in a small patch of rainforest left close-by the airport at Alta Floresta Alta Floresta,Angelim,Dinizia excelsa,Faveira,Mato Grosso

Appearance

It is the tallest-growing species in the pea family, Fabaceae and one of the tallest tropical tree species in any family, reaching 60 m and taller. The unarmed trunk is cylindrical, the bole of larger specimens 15–22.5 m, up to 3 m in diameter at soil level. The DBH of mature specimens is typically between 80 to 200 cm , moderately to strongly buttressed, the buttresses to 4–5 m tall.

The heartwood is reddish brown with a slightly paler sapwood. The wood is durable and difficult to work with due to its density and irregular grain.

Distribution

It is found in Guyana, Suriname and Amazonia Brazil . Also recorded from the state of Acre by Lorenzi .

The species grows in non-inundated moist and upland mixed forests known as "''floresta ombrofila mista''", tropical forest on "''terra firme''", tropical upland evergreen forest, and tropical dry forest. It has been recorded at elevations from 50 to 490 m.

Habitat

It is found in Guyana, Suriname and Amazonia Brazil . Also recorded from the state of Acre by Lorenzi .

The species grows in non-inundated moist and upland mixed forests known as "''floresta ombrofila mista''", tropical forest on "''terra firme''", tropical upland evergreen forest, and tropical dry forest. It has been recorded at elevations from 50 to 490 m.

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Status: Least concern
EX EW CR EN VU NT LC
Taxonomy
KingdomPlantae
DivisionAngiosperms
ClassEudicots
OrderFabales
FamilyFabaceae
GenusDinizia
SpeciesD. excelsa
Photographed in
Brazil