Vulturine Guineafowl

Acryllium vulturinum

The Vulturine Guineafowl is the largest extant guineafowl species. It is a resident breeder in northeast Africa, from southern Ethiopia through Kenya and just into northern Tanzania.
Vulturine guineafowl headshot Taken in captivity, Birds of Eden, South Africa Acryllium vulturinum,Geotagged,South Africa,Spring,Vulturine Guineafowl,africa,birds,south africa

Appearance

Vulturine Guineafowl is a large bird with a round body and small head. It is longer in the wings, neck, legs and tail than other guineafowl. The adult has a bare blue face and black neck, and although all other guineafowl have unfeathered heads, this species looks particularly like a vulture because of the long bare neck and head.

The slim neck projects from a cape of long, glossy, blue and white hackles. The breast is cobalt blue, and the rest of the body plumage is black, finely spangled with white. The wings are short and rounded, and the tail is longer than others in the family Numididae.

The sexes are similar, although the female is usually slightly smaller than the male and with smaller tarsal spurs. Young birds are mainly grey-brown, with a duller blue breast and short hackles.
Vulturine Guineafowl  Acryllium vulturinum,Geotagged,Kenya,Summer,Vulturine Guineafowl

Naming

Systematically, Acryllium are only distantly related to other guineafowl genera. Their closest living relative, the White Breasted Guineafowl, ''Agelastes meleagrides'' inhabit primary forests in Central Africa. bird family, Numididae, and is the only member of the genus ''Acryllium''.
Vulturine Guinea Fowl (Acryllium vulturinum) Captured in the Apenheul, the Netherlands. Acryllium vulturinum,Apenheul,The Netherlands,Vulturine Guinea Fowl

Behavior

Vulturine Guineafowl is a gregarious species, forming flocks outside the breeding season typically of about 25 birds. This species' food is seeds and small invertebrates. This guineafowl is terrestrial, and will run rather than fly when alarmed. Despite the open habitat, it tends to keep to cover, and roosts in trees. It makes loud ''chink-chink-chink-chink-chink'' calls.

It breeds in dry and open habitats with scattered bushes and trees, such as savannah or grassland. It usually lays 4-8 cream-coloured eggs in a well-hidden grass-lined scrape.

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Status: Least concern
EX EW CR EN VU NT LC
Taxonomy
KingdomAnimalia
DivisionChordata
ClassAves
OrderGalliformes
FamilyNumididae
GenusAcryllium
SpeciesA. vulturinum