Blue-headed macaw

Primolius couloni

The blue-headed macaw or Coulon's macaw is a macaw native to eastern Peru, northwestern Bolivia, and far western Brazil. It has a total length of about 41 cm, making it a member of the group of smaller macaws sometimes known as the mini-macaws, which includes any species of macaw with a total length of 50 cm or less.
Blue-headed macaw (Primolius couloni) Carretera Codo - Pozuzo, Huánuco, Peru. Dec 20, 2020 Blue-headed macaw,Geotagged,Peru,Primolius couloni,Spring


The blue-headed macaw is 41 cm long. It has mainly green plumage with the head, flight feathers and primary coverts blue. The uppertail has a maroon base, a narrow green center and a blue tip. The undertail and underwing are greenish-yellow similar to that of several other small macaws.

The medium-sized bill is pale greyish-horn with a black base. The iris is whitish with a narrow, often barely visible, maroon eye-ring. Unlike most other macaws, the facial skin and lores are dark greyish. The legs are dull pinkish. Juveniles resemble adults, but with the entire bill black, greyer legs, darker iris and the facial skin and lores white.
Blue-headed macaw - Primolius couloni Pairi Daiza, Sep 2016.  Belgium,Blue-headed macaw,Geotagged,Primolius couloni,Summer


Little is known about its reproductive behavior in the wild, but a possible nest has been recorded in a bamboo cavity and another in a tree cavity. In captivity, the reproductive cycle appears to be roughly annual with a clutch size of 2-4 being the norm. In the wild it is typically seen in groups of 2-4 individuals, with occasional records of groups up to c. 60 individuals. Its call is higher-pitched and softer than that of most other macaws.


It is found in the south-west Amazon and adjacent east Andean foothills. It prefers openings in humid forest, e.g. along rivers or clearings, but has also been observed in Moriche Palm swamps and outskirts of towns. It occurs from the lowlands up to an altitude of 1550 m . As several other parrots, the blue-headed macaw is known to visit clay-licks.


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SpeciesP. couloni
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