AppearanceStems and leaves: 200 – 1,950 centimeters tall and 5 – 12.5 centimeters in diameter; these grass stems get used as fencing, plumbing and other building materials. Culm sheaths are hairless or with red bristles.
Leaf: sheath is covered with bristles. Leaf blades are "deciduous at the ligule"; blades 5 – 20 centimeters long.
Flowers: Branched cluster of flowers in solitary spikes, which can be dense or loose and are 5–15 centimeters long.
Roots: Short rhizomes described as pachymorph.
⟶ *Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia, Sudan
⟶ *East Tropical Africa: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
⟶ *West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi, Cameroon, Congo, Rwanda, DR Congo
⟶ *South Tropical Africa: Malawi, Zambia
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