Roseroot

Rhodiola rosea

''Rhodiola rosea'' is a perennial flowering plant in the family Crassulaceae. It grows naturally in wild Arctic regions of Europe , Asia, and North America, and can be propagated as a groundcover.
Roseroot On cliffs overlooking Camus Mor, Wester Ross.  Found on many sea cliffs and higher mountain rock faces in Scotland - rarer in England & Wales.  Starting to show Autumn colours, the flowers are yellow. Rhodiola rosea,Roseroot,Wester Ross

Appearance

''Rhodiola rosea'' is from 5 to 40 centimetres tall, fleshy, and has several stems growing from a short, scaly rootstock. Flowers have 4 sepals and 4 petals, yellow to greenish yellow in color sometimes tipped with red, about 1 to 3.5 millimetres long, and blooming in summer. Several shoots growing from the same thick root may reach 5 to 35 centimetres in height. ''R. rosea'' is dioecious – having separate female and male plants.
Roseroot On a north facing cliff face overlooking The Minch Rhodiola rosea,Roseroot,Wester Ross

Distribution

''Rhodiola rosea'' grows in cold regions of the world, including much of the Arctic, the mountains of Central Asia, scattered in eastern North America and mountainous parts of Europe. It grows on sea cliffs and on mountains at high altitude.

Uses

The leaves and shoots are eaten raw, having a bitter flavor, or cooked like spinach, and are sometimes added to salads. An extract is sometimes added as a flavoring in vodkas.

References:

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Taxonomy
KingdomPlantae
DivisionAngiosperms
ClassEudicots
OrderSaxifragales
FamilyCrassulaceae
GenusRhodiola
SpeciesR. rosea
Photographed in
United Kingdom