Aquatic Garter Snake

Thamnophis atratus

The aquatic garter snake is a species of colubrid snake. Three subspecies are currently recognized.
An Aquatic Garter Snake (Thamnophis atratus) uncharacteristically far from water This particular snake is in the subspecies Diablo Range Gartersnake (Thamnophis atratus zaxanthus). Aquatic garter snake,Colubrid,Geotagged,Spring,Thamnophis atratus,United States,on iNaturalist,on wildherps

Appearance

The aquatic garter snake grows up to 18-40 inches long. Its dorsal coloration varies greatly. The different coloration patterns are: pale gray with alternating rows of darker blotches on the sides, dark brown with borders that are less distinct, or nearly all black. A long yellow stripe running down the back may be present or absent, only confined to the neck, or just very indistinct. The throat and underside of the snake are whitish to yellow.

One color morph of the aquatic garter snake has a blue-gray background color with a faint olive-colored dorsal stripe and white dots along its sides. Another color morph has a yellow dorsal stripe with black spots along its sides. The second color morph has the more classic garter snake look; however, due to its behavior and scalation, it is grouped in this species.

Naming

*Santa Cruz garter snake, ''T. a. atratus''
⤷ Oregon garter snake, ''T. a. hydrophilus'' Fitch, 1936
⤷ Diablo Range garter snake, ''T. a. zaxanthus'' Boundy, 1999

Behavior

When feeling threatened, this snake will seek shelter in a nearby water source. Occasionally, while the snake is hunting for food in a stream, it will flick its tongue above the water to mimic an insect that a small fish would usually eat, thus luring the prey into its mouth.

Habitat

It can most commonly be found on the edges of bushlands, woodlands, grasslands, and forests near ponds, marshes, streams and lakes.

Reproduction

The aquatic garter snake bears live young. Broods consist of three to 12 young.

References:

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Status: Least concern
EX EW CR EN VU NT LC
Taxonomy
KingdomAnimalia
DivisionChordata
ClassReptilia
OrderSquamata
FamilyColubridae
GenusThamnophis
SpeciesT. atratus