AppearanceIt is a largely terrestrial bird the size of a small domestic chicken, with mainly brown upperparts, finely banded black and white underparts, a white eyebrow, chestnut band running from the bill round the nape, with a buff band on the breast. It utilises a range of moist or wetland habitats with low, dense vegetation for cover. It is usually quite shy but may become very tame and bold in some circumstances, such as in island resorts within the Great Barrier Reef region.
The Buff-banded Rail is an omnivorous scavenger which feeds on a range of terrestrial invertebrates and small vertebrates, seeds, fallen fruit and other vegetable matter, as well as carrion and refuse. Its nest is usually situated in dense grassy or reedy vegetation close to water, with a clutch size of 3-4. Although some island populations may be threatened, or even exterminated, by introduced predators, the species as a whole appears to be safe and its conservation status is considered to be of Least Concern.
NamingDescribed subspecies include:...hieroglyph snipped...
⤷ ''G. p. admiralitatis'' , Admiralty Islands
⤷ ''G. p. anachoretae'' , Anchorite Islands, PNG
⤷ ''G. p. andrewsi'' , Cocos Buff-banded Rail, endemic to the Cocos Islands, Endangered
⤷ ''G. p. assimilis'' , New Zealand
⤷ ''G. p. chlandleri'', northern Sulawesi
⤷ ''G. p. christophori'' , Solomon Islands
⤷ ''G. p. dieffenbachi'', endemic to the Chatham Islands, Extinct
⤷ ''G. p. ecaudatus'' ,
⤷ ''G. p. goodsoni'' , Samoa and Niue Islands
⤷ ''G. p. lacustris'' ,
⤷ ''G. p. lesouefi'' , New Hanover, Tabar and Tanga Islands, possibly New Ireland
⤷ ''G. p. macquariensis'' , Macquarie Island Rail, endemic to Macquarie Island, Extinct
⤷ ''G. p. mellori'' , Tasmania and mainland Australia
⤷ ''G. p. meyeri'' , Witu Island, PNG
⤷ ''G. p. pelewensis'' , Palau
⤷ ''G. p. philippensis'' , Philippines, Sulawesi, Buru and Sunda Islands
⤷ ''G. p. praedo'' , Skoki Island, Admiralty Islands
⤷ ''G. p. randi''
⤷ ''G. p. reductus'' , northern New Guinea
⤷ ''G. p. sethsmithi'' , Vanuatu, Fiji
⤷ ''G. p. swindellsi'' , New Caledonia and Loyalty Islands
⤷ ''G. p. tounelieri'' Schodde & Naurois, 1982, Coral Sea Islands
⤷ ''G. p. wahgiensis'' , central highlands of New Guinea
⤷ ''G. p. wilkinsoni'' , Flores
⤷ ''G. p. xerophilus'' ,
⤷ ''G. p. yorki'', Moluccas, western and southern New Guinea
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