Spotted wolf spider

Pardosa amentata

''Pardosa amentata'', otherwise known as the wolf spider or spotted wolf spider is a species of spider in the genus ''Pardosa'' belonging to the family of wolf spiders, Lycosidae. The species has a widespread distribution in central Europe and northwestern Europe and are commonly found on the British Isles. The species hunts its prey on the ground rather than weaving a web.
Spotted wolf spider with spiderlings Wolf spider with small offspring on it's back. When they are small the spiderlings ride along with their mom for about a week till their first moult. A rare example of a parent taking care of it's young in the insect world.

Dutch name: Tuinwolfspin (Pardosa amentata)  
Might be the Blacktail wolfspider (Pardosa lugubris) instead.                Geotagged,Pardosa amentata,Spotted wolf spider,The Netherlands


''Pardosa amentata'' is a wolf spider between 5 mm and 8 mm in length and has a brownish coloured body with darker brown markings or spots. Its body is divided into two parts, the cephalothorax and the abdomen. The cephalothrax holds its eight eyes, four pairs of legs and the jaws, while the abdomen holds silk-producing organs called spinnerets which are situated at the rear. The females are usually slightly larger than males and carry their eggs in a round sack made of silk beneath the abdomen attached by the silk threads produced from the spinnerets, but they lack the sooty-black hairs on the end of the pedipalps. The spider relies heavily on its eyesight to locate and stalk its prey, and its body is specially adapted for this purpose with its head squared off at the sides with two large and four smaller eyes facing forward, giving excellent frontal vision and two additional eyes situated on top of the head which extend the range of vision sideways and to the rear.
Spotted wolf spider with spiderlings I am very proud of this find and photo. At first I did not notice the spiderlings. While kneeling for another photo I saw a wolf spider and thought like 'just another one' but it was larger then I had seen before so I made a photo of it. Some time later while watching my photo's on the camera I saw in the enlargement that there where small and cute spiderlings on the spider her back. Something I only saw on internet pictures before. I went back to the site and found a/the spider again and paid some more attention to making a good photo of the spiderlings.

Dutch name: Tuinwolfspin (Pardosa amentata)
Might be the Blacktail wolfspider (Pardosa lugubris) instead.   Geotagged,Pardosa amentata,Parental care,Spotted wolf spider,The Netherlands


The spider does not weave a web but is a quick and agile hunter and chases and leaps on any prey that comes into sight piercing it with its fangs. Their diet consists largely of flies and other small insects. They are often active very early in the spring and between the months March to July where they can often be seen in full daylight taking advantage of its vision and scurrying around in the open or on low vegetation hunting for prey and warming themselves in the sunshine on patches of bare soil. During mating, the male stops a few centimetres away from the female and raises itself high on its hind legs and stretches its palps out and waves them to attract the female, moving gradually closer to her. If the female rejects his advances she will lunge forward and the smaller male will retreat and return a few seconds later to start his display again. After hatching from the eggs, the baby spiderlings stay on their mother and are carried by the female on her back until their second moult at which point they are large enough to fend for themselves.
Possible wolf spider? Saw this in the garden - would I be right in thinking that this particular spider is pregnant? They are funny these ones, they pop out onto the paving stones, intimidate other spiders that walk past (of different species) and then run away again. Meadow Wolf Spider,Pardosa amentata,Pardosa prativaga,Spotted wolf spider


The spider occurs in a wide range of open habitats, especially in damp areas. It has been recorded from grasslands, marshes, riversides, fens, saltmarsh, hedge banks, moorland, blanket bog, waste ground and field margins but rarely in heathland. In winter, they can also be found in houses near windows, doors, house plants and in basements to avoid the cold weather. They can also be found in the leaf litter at woodland edges and clearing. In the UK, it is usually the most common species of the ''Pardosa'' genus found in gardens.


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SpeciesP. amentata