American pygmy kingfisher

Chloroceryle aenea

The American pygmy kingfisher is a resident breeding kingfisher which occurs in the American tropics from southern Mexico south through Central America to western Ecuador, and then around the northern Andes cordillera in the east to central Bolivia and central Brazil. The species occupies the entire Amazon basin and the Tocantins River drainage adjacent in Pará state Brazil. It also occurs on Trinidad.
Pygmy Kingfisher Pygmy Kingfisher, Crooked Tree Wildlife Sanctuary, Belize - TR_130320_CTWS9362 American Pygmy Kingfisher,Belize,CTWS,Chloroceryle aenea,Crooked Tree Village,Crooked Tree wildlife Sanctuary,protected area,waterbirds

Appearance

The American pygmy kingfisher is 13 cm long and weighs 10–16 g . It has the typical kingfisher shape, with a short tail and long bill. It is oily green above, with a yellow-orange collar around the neck, rufous underparts and a white belly. The female has a narrow green breast band. Young birds resemble the adults, but have paler rufous underparts, no breast band, and speckled wings and flanks. The nominate southern ''C. a. aenea'' has two lines of white spots on the wings, while the northern ''C. a. stictoptera'' has three or four lines of spots and a concealed white patch of feathers on the undertail. The two forms intergrade in central Costa Rica.

The call is a gives a weak ''tik'' or stony ''cht cht''.
Chloroceryle aenea Female American pygmy kingfisher,Chloroceryle aenea

Distribution

This tiny kingfisher occurs in dense forests and mangrove swamps along small streams or rivers with heavily vegetated banks. The unlined nest is in a horizontal tunnel up to 40 cm long made in a river bank, earth heap, or occasionally an arboreal termite nest. The female lays three, sometimes four, white eggs.

American pygmy kingfishers perch quietly on a low branch close to water before plunging in head first after small fish or tadpoles. They will also hawk for insects. They are not shy, but easily overlooked as they sit silently amongst riverside branches.
American pygmy kingfisher, Uraba, Colombia One on the wishlist for this mangrove area of Uraba, and we saw it almost immediately. Really tiny bird. American Pygmy Kingfisher,Antioquia,Chloroceryle aenea,Colombia,Colombia Choco & Pacific region,Fall,Geotagged,South America,Uraba,Urabá,World

Habitat

This tiny kingfisher occurs in dense forests and mangrove swamps along small streams or rivers with heavily vegetated banks. The unlined nest is in a horizontal tunnel up to 40 cm long made in a river bank, earth heap, or occasionally an arboreal termite nest. The female lays three, sometimes four, white eggs.

American pygmy kingfishers perch quietly on a low branch close to water before plunging in head first after small fish or tadpoles. They will also hawk for insects. They are not shy, but easily overlooked as they sit silently amongst riverside branches.

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Taxonomy
KingdomAnimalia
DivisionChordata
ClassAves
OrderCoraciiformes
FamilyAlcedinidae
GenusChloroceryle
SpeciesC. aenea