Pallass squirrel

Callosciurus erythraeus

Pallas's squirrel, also known as the red-bellied tree squirrel, is a species of squirrel native to Greater China, India, and Southeast Asia.
Mountain Red-bellied Squirrel  Callosciurus erythraeus,Geotagged,Malaysia,Pallass squirrel,Squirrel,Summer,mammal,red-bellied squirrel

Appearance

Pallas's squirrel is a medium-sized tree squirrel, with a head-body length of 16 to 28 cm , and a tail 11 to 26 cm in length. Both sexes are of similar size and appearance, and weigh between 310 and 460 g . The colour of the pelt varies considerably between the many different subspecies, but is generally brownish on the upper body with a more reddish tint on the belly, and often with some black on the tail. The precise pattern and shades of the fur are often used to distinguish subspecies from one another, but make it difficult to distinguish the species as a whole from other, similarly variable, tree squirrel species.
Pallas's squirrel (Callosciurus erythraeus) Daxueshan Forest Road, Taiwan. Apr 27, 2019 Callosciurus erythraeus,Geotagged,Pallass squirrel,Spring,Taiwan

Distribution

Pallas's squirrel is found throughout much of southeastern Asia, including far eastern India, Bhutan, northern and eastern Myanmar, Vietnam, parts of Cambodia and Laos, much of Thailand, northern peninsular Malaysia, southern and eastern China, including Hainan, and Taiwan. Within this region, they are found within a range of forest habitats below 3,000 m elevation, including tropical and subtropical evergreen, deciduous broadleaf, and subalpine conifer woodlands.

Populations have been introduced in the Buenos Aires Province of Argentina, Dadizele in Belgium , the Netherlands, Cap d'Antibes in France, and Japan. In these regions it is considered an invasive species, as it can cause considerable damage to trees and may outcompete native wildlife such as the red squirrel.

Behavior

Like all tree squirrels, Pallas's squirrels are primarily herbivorous. They eat a wide range of different foods, and have differing diets in different parts of their broad range. However, primary foodstuffs include leaves, flowers, seeds, and fruit. They also eat small quantities of insects, as well as occasional bird eggs.

The squirrels breed throughout the year, and may mate again as soon as they have weaned a previous litter. Pregnancy lasts 47 to 49 days, and results in the birth of up to four young, with two being typical. The young leave the nest at 40 to 50 days old, and are sexually mature at one year of age. They have lived for up to 17 years in captivity.Pallas's squirrels are diurnal, and inhabit much of the forest canopy, and construct both leaf nests 7 to 18 m above the ground, and, less commonly, underground burrows. Females occupy home ranges of just 0.5 to 0.8 hectares , which usually do not overlap, while males occupy much larger ranges of 1.3 to 3.8 ha , which overlap with those of both nearby males and females. Like many other squirrels, they have been observed to cache acorns in the autumn.

The squirrels make calls to warn neighbours of predators, and have been observed to mob tree-climbing snakes, with females protecting young being particularly likely to join in. Males also make loud calls prior to, and after, mating.

Habitat

Pallas's squirrel is found throughout much of southeastern Asia, including far eastern India, Bhutan, northern and eastern Myanmar, Vietnam, parts of Cambodia and Laos, much of Thailand, northern peninsular Malaysia, southern and eastern China, including Hainan, and Taiwan. Within this region, they are found within a range of forest habitats below 3,000 m elevation, including tropical and subtropical evergreen, deciduous broadleaf, and subalpine conifer woodlands.

Populations have been introduced in the Buenos Aires Province of Argentina, Dadizele in Belgium , the Netherlands, Cap d'Antibes in France, and Japan. In these regions it is considered an invasive species, as it can cause considerable damage to trees and may outcompete native wildlife such as the red squirrel.

References:

Some text fragments are auto parsed from Wikipedia.

Status: Least concern
EX EW CR EN VU NT LC
Taxonomy
KingdomAnimalia
DivisionChordata
ClassMammalia
OrderRodentia
FamilySciuridae
GenusCallosciurus
SpeciesC. erythraeus
Photographed in
Malaysia
Taiwan