Fortune's Spindle

Euonymus fortunei

''Euonymus fortunei'', Fortune's spindle, is a species of flowering plant in the family Celastraceae, native to east Asia, including China, Korea, the Philippines and Japan. Euonymus is highly invasive and damaging in the United States, causing the death of trees and forest in urban areas.
Winter Creeper At Fort Howard This is a picture of Winter Creeper at Fort Howard in Edgemere, Maryland.  Euonymus fortunei,Geotagged,Summer,United States


It is an evergreen shrub which grows as a vine if provided with support. As such it grows to 20 m, climbing by means of small rootlets on the stems, similar to ivy. Like ivy, it also has a sterile non-flowering juvenile climbing or creeping phase, which on reaching high enough into the crowns of trees to get more light, develops into an adult, flowering phase without climbing rootlets.

The leaves are arranged in opposite pairs, elliptic to elliptic-ovate, 2–6 cm long and 1–3 cm broad, with finely serrated margins. The flowers are inconspicuous, 5 mm in diameter, with four small greenish-yellow petals. The fruit is a smooth, dehiscent capsule with reddish arils.
Winter Creeper At Patapsco This is a picture of Winter Creeper at Patapsco Valley State Park in Catonsville, Maryland. Euonymus fortunei,Fortune's Spindle,Geotagged,United States,Winter


It is named after the Scottish botanist and plant explorer Robert Fortune.


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SpeciesE. fortunei