Devil's-bit Scabious

Succisa pratensis

''Succisa pratensis'' Moench, also known as Devil's-bit or Devil's-bit Scabious, is a flowering plant of the genus ''Succisa'' in the family Dipsacaceae.
Devil's-bit Scabious Stunted true Devil's-bit Scabious near Cove Devil's-bit Scabious,Succisa pratensis,Wester Ross


It differs from other similar species in that it has 4 lobed flowers, whereas Small Scabious and Field scabious have 5 lobes and hence it has been placed in a separate genus in the same family. It also grows on damper ground.

Its leaves are also un-lobed unlike Field scabious, and are arranged in opposite pairs. The leaves and plant can be confused with Greater Knapweed however Knapweed has leaves that are alternate, not opposite.
Devil's-bit Scabious (white) White form of Devil's-bit Scabious, Badachro Devil's-bit Scabious,Succisa pratensis,Wester Ross


Species of scabious were used to treat Scabies, and other afflictions of the skin including sores caused by the Bubonic Plague. The word scabies comes from the Latin word for "scratch". The short black root was in folk tales bitten off by the devil, angry at the plant's ability to cure these ailments, in anger against the Virgin Mary, or as part of some 'devilish plot'.
Devil's-bit Scabious Dutch name: Blauwe knoop (Succisa pratensis)
I am not completely sure about the ID. Geotagged,Succisa pratensis,The Netherlands


It prefers moist soil—damp meadows and woods, lowland heath, marshy areas; but will tolerate drier conditions. Male and female flowers are produced on different heads, the female being smaller. Flowers from June until October.
Devils-Bit Scabius with unidentified insect I saw this walking our dog yesterday - I was so intent on photographing the flower that I didn't even notice the bee(?) until I looked at the picture. The identification is my best guess, but if anyone has a better idea - feel free to suggest it. Geotagged,Germany,Succisa pratensis,Summer


It is a good source of nectar and is the foodplant of Marsh fritillary, whose eggs are laid in groups on the underside of the plant, and Narrow-bordered Bee Hawk-moth Hemaris tityus. As both plant and invertebrates are rare, their survival relies on careful management of sites containing these species.


Some text fragments are auto parsed from Wikipedia.

SpeciesS. pratensis