Greek juniper

Juniperus excelsa

''Juniperus excelsa'', commonly called the Greek juniper, is a juniper found throughout the eastern Mediterranean, from northeastern Greece and southern Bulgaria across Turkey to Syria and Lebanon, Jordan and the Caucasus mountains.

A subspecies, ''J. excelsa'' subsp. ''polycarpos'', known as the Persian juniper, occurs in the Alborz and other mountains of Iran east to northwestern Pakistan, and an isolated population in the Jebal Akhdar mountains of Oman; some botanists treat this as a distinct species, ''J. macropoda''.
Greek juniper - Juniperus excelsa  Bulgaria,Cuprasseceae,Europe,Geotagged,Greek juniper,Juniperus excelsa,Nature,Pinales,Pinophyta,Pinopsida,Plantae,Spring,Tisata Nature Reserve,Unidentified,Wildlife,nature

Appearance

''Juniperus excelsa'' is a large shrub or tree reaching 6–20 metres tall ). It has a trunk up to 2 metres in diameter, and a broadly conical to rounded or irregular crown. The leaves are of two forms, juvenile needle-like leaves 8–10 mm long on seedlings, and adult scale-leaves 0.6–3 mm long on older plants.

It is largely dioecious with separate male and female plants, but some individual plants produce both sexes. The cones are berry-like, 6–11 mm in diameter, blue-black with a whitish waxy bloom, and contain 3-6 seeds; they are mature in about 18 months. The male cones are 3–4 mm long, and shed their pollen in early spring.

It often occurs together with ''Juniperus foetidissima'', being distinguished from it by its slenderer shoots 0.7-1.3 mm diameter , and grey-green, rather than mid green, leaves.

The Algum wood mentioned in the Bible may be from this species, but is not definitely so.

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Status: Least concern
EX EW CR EN VU NT LC
Taxonomy
KingdomPlantae
DivisionPinophyta
ClassPinopsida
OrderPinales
FamilyCupressaceae
GenusJuniperus
SpeciesJ. excelsa
Photographed in
Bulgaria