Blue-winged Kookaburra

Dacelo leachii

The Blue-winged Kookaburra is a large species of kingfisher native to northern Australia and southern New Guinea.

Measuring around 40 cm , it is slightly smaller than the more familiar Laughing Kookaburra. It has cream-coloured upper- and underparts barred with brownish markings. It has blue wings and brown shoulders and blue rump. It is sexually dimorphic, with a blue tail in the male, and a rufous tail with blackish bars in the female.
Kookaburra  Australia,Blue-winged Kookaburra,Dacelo leachii,Geotagged,Photo Stream

Appearance

The adult Blue-winged Kookaburra measures around 38 to 42 cm in length and weighs 260 to 330 g. Compared to the related Laughing Kookaburra, it is smaller, lacks a dark mask, has more blue in the wing, and striking white eye. It has a heavier bill than its larger relative. The head and underparts are cream-coloured with brownish streaks. It is sexually dimorphic, with a blue tail in the male, and a rufous tail with blackish bars in the female. Immature birds have more prominent brown bars and marks in their plumage, giving a 'dirty' appearance, and their eyes are predominantly brown for the first two years of life.

The call has been described as a maniacal cackling or barking.
Kookaburra bird Portrait of a kookaburra bird Blue-winged Kookaburra,Dacelo leachii,Dacelo novaeguineae,Laughing Kookaburra,australian birds,bird,birds of the south pacific,exotic birds,kookaburra bird

Distribution

The Blue-winged Kookaburra has a distribution from southern New Guinea and the moister parts of northern Australia, to the vicinity of Brisbane in southern Queensland across the Top End, and as far down the Western Australian coast as the Shark Bay area. However, it does not occur between Broome and Port Hedland in northwestern Australia. Widespread and common throughout its large range, the Blue-winged Kookaburra is evaluated as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
Found in family groups of up to 12 individuals, it lives in open savannah woodland and ''Melaleuca'' swamps, as well as farmlands such as sugar cane plantations.
Blue-winged Kookaburra  Blue-winged Kookaburra,Dacelo leachii

Habitat

The Blue-winged Kookaburra has a distribution from southern New Guinea and the moister parts of northern Australia, to the vicinity of Brisbane in southern Queensland across the Top End, and as far down the Western Australian coast as the Shark Bay area. However, it does not occur between Broome and Port Hedland in northwestern Australia. Widespread and common throughout its large range, the Blue-winged Kookaburra is evaluated as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
Found in family groups of up to 12 individuals, it lives in open savannah woodland and ''Melaleuca'' swamps, as well as farmlands such as sugar cane plantations.
Blue-Winged-Kookaburra  Blue-winged Kookaburra,Dacelo leachii

Reproduction

The Blue-winged Kookaburra is a cooperative breeder, a group being made up of a breeding pair and one or more helper birds who help raise the young. Breeding occurs once a year in late spring . The nest is a hollow high up in a tree, often 25 m or so above the ground. Three or four white slightly shiny eggs measuring 44 x 35 mm or a little larger are laid. The female incubates the eggs for around 26 days, and nestlings spend another 36 days in the nest before fledging. Chicks are born pink, blind and naked, and break their way out of the egg with an egg tooth on the bill. Feathers appear by seven days and their eyes open from the tenth day onwards. Kookaburra babies are often highly aggressive in the first week of life, and the youngest chick is often killed by the older chicks during this period. Once fledged, juvenile birds need to be taught how to hunt by their parents for a further 6–10 weeks before they can properly fend for themselves.
Blue-winged Kookaburra Blue-winged Kookaburra are found in the top part of Australia.  The main difference between the Blue-winged and the Laughing Kookaburra is Blue-winged do not laugh.  Both are the largest king fishers. Blue-winged Kookaburra,Dacelo leachii

Food

The Blue-winged Kookaburra hunts and eats a great variety of animals that live on or close to the ground. In the summer wet season, insects, lizards and frogs make up a higher proportion of their diet, while they eat arthropods such as crayfish, scorpions, spiders, fish, earthworms, small birds and rodents at other times. They have even been recorded waiting for and snatching insects flushed out by bushfires.
Kookaburra Blue-winged Kookaburra (Dacelo leachii) in Lone Pine Koala Sanctuary, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
My apologies for the fence. Australia,Blue-winged Kookaburra,Dacelo leachii,Geotagged,Kingfisher,Kookaburra,Zoo

Predators

The Red Goshawk and Rufous Owl prey upon the Blue-winged Kookaburra. Adult birds are also slow flyers and vulnerable to being hit by cars on country roads. Nests are susceptible to raids by Olive Pythons, quolls and goannas.

References:

Some text fragments are auto parsed from Wikipedia.

Status: Least concern
EX EW CR EN VU NT LC
Taxonomy
KingdomAnimalia
DivisionChordata
ClassAves
OrderCoraciiformes
FamilyHalcyonidae
GenusDacelo
SpeciesD. leachii
Photographed in
Australia