Blue-gray Tanager

Thraupis episcopus

The Blue-grey Tanager is a medium-sized South American songbird of the Tanager family, Thraupidae. Its range is from Mexico south to northeast Bolivia and northern Brazil, all of the Amazon Basin, except the very south. It has been introduced to Lima . On Trinidad and Tobago, this bird is called Blue Jean.
Blue-gray Tanager, Jardin, Colombia Found on a suspension bridge just outside the Andean cock-of-the-rock Reserve in Jardin. Antioquia,Blue-gray Tanager,Colombia,Colombia Choco & Pacific region,Fall,Geotagged,Jardin,Jardín,South America,Thraupis episcopus,World

Appearance

The Blue-grey Tanager is 16–18 cm long and weighs 30–40 g . Adults have a light bluish head and underparts, with darker blue upperparts and a shoulder patch colored a different hue of blue. The bill is short and quite thick. Sexes are similar, but the immature is much duller in plumage.

The song is a squeaky twittering, interspersed with ''tseee'' and ''tsuup'' call notes.
Blue-gray Tanager, Santa María, Colombia  Blue-gray Tanager,Boyacá,Colombia,Santa María,South America,Thraupis episcopus,World

Naming

There are 13–15 commonly recognized subspecies, differing according to the exact hue of blue of the shoulder patch versus the rest of the plumage; they may be greyish, greenish or purplish-blue, with a lavender, dark blue or whitish shoulder patch. For example, ''T. e. berlepschi'' is a brighter and darker blue on the rump and shoulder, ''T. e. neosophilus'' with a violet shoulder patch occurs in northern Venezuela, Trinidad, eastern Colombia and the far north of Brazil, ''T. e. mediana'' of the southern Amazon basin has a white wing patch, and ''T. e. cana'' in the northern Amazon has blue shoulders.
Blue-gray Tanager perched, Putumayo, Colombia  Blue-gray Tanager,Colombia,Colombia 2018,Colombia South,Fall,Geotagged,Mocoa,Putumayo,South America,Thraupis episcopus,World

Status

Widespread and common throughout its large range, the Blue-grey Tanager is evaluated as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
Blue-gray tanager, Panama  Geotagged,Panama,Spring

Habitat

The breeding habitat is open woodland, cultivated areas and gardens. The Blue-grey Tanager lives mainly on fruit, but will also take some nectar and insects. This is a common, restless, noisy and confiding species, usually found in pairs, but sometimes small groups. It thrives around human habitation, and will take some cultivated fruit like papayas .
Blue-gray Tanager  Blue-gray Tanager,Geotagged,Spring,Thraupis episcopus,Trinidad and Tobago,blue.colourful

Reproduction

One to three, usually two, dark-marked whitish to grey green eggs are laid in a deep cup nest in a high tree fork or building crevice. Incubation by the female is 14 days with another 17 to fledging. The nest is sometimes parasitised by ''Molothrus'' cowbirds.
Blue-gray Tanager - side view, Santa María, Colombia  Blue-gray Tanager,Boyacá,Colombia,Fall,Geotagged,Santa María,South America,Thraupis episcopus,World

Predators

Two birds studied in the Parque Nacional de La Macarena of Colombia were infected with microfilariae, an undetermined ''Trypanosoma'' species, and another blood parasite that could not be identified. Two other birds, examined near Turbo , did not have blood parasites.

References:

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Status: Least concern
EX EW CR EN VU NT LC
Taxonomy
KingdomAnimalia
DivisionChordata
ClassAves
OrderPasseriformes
FamilyThraupidae
GenusThraupis
SpeciesT. episcopus