American hazelnut

Corylus americana

''Corylus americana'', the American hazelnut, is a species of deciduous plant that grows in the form of a shrub; it is native to eastern North America, in eastern Canada and the Eastern United States; it has been classed within the genus ''Corylus''.
Corylus americana (American hazel) Corylus americana autumn leaf colors. American hazelnut,Corylus americana,Fall,Geotagged,United States,autumn colors,fall colors,hazel


The plant grows to a height of roughly 2.5 m to 5 m , with a crown spread of 3 m to 4.5 m . It is a medium to large shrub, which under some conditions can take the like of a small tree. It is often multi-stemmed with long outward growing branches that form a dense spreading or spherical shape.

American hazelnut produces edible nuts that mature at a time between July and October, these are encased in bracts with a leaf-like cover.
American Hazelnut - Corylus americana These flowers were gorgeous! ID is tentative.

Habitat: Deciduous forest at the edge of a meadow
 American hazelnut,Corylus americana,Geotagged,Spring,United States,bud


The nuts produced by American hazelnut are a mast of squirrels, deer, turkey, woodpeckers, pheasants and other animals. The male catkins are a food staple of ruffed grouse throughout the winter.
American Hazelnut - Male flowers Male flowers appear during the spring as 5-7 cm long, yellowish brown catkins. It was growing along a wood margin. 

In this shot, you can also see (middle right) one of the female flowers, which are tiny and reddish.
 American Hazelnut,American Hazelnut catkins,Corylus americana,Geotagged,Spring,United States,catkins,corylus,flower,hazel,hazelnut,male flower


The nuts are edible, although smaller than the more commonly cultivated filberts .

Native Americans used ''Corylus americana'' for medicinal purposes.


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SpeciesC. americana