São Tomé scops owl

Otus hartlaubi

The São Tomé scops-owl , alternatively known as petit-duc de Sao Tomé, or autillo de Santo Tomé, is a species of owl in the true owl family which is one of the two families of owl. Within that family, this owl is in the scops owl genus; this is the genus of owls having the largest number of species.
São Tomé scops owl (Otus hartlaubi) at its day roost Lagoa Amelia, São Tomé.
Jan 1, 2018 Geotagged,Otus hartlaubi,São Tomé and Príncipe,São Tomé scops owl,Winter

Appearance

The São Tomé scops owl is a small, secretive owl with small ear-tufts. It ha s light reddish-brown facial disc with a white chin and white eyebrows. The crown and upperparts are chestnut with rufous wavy markings and black shaft streaks. There scapulars have white spots and black tips. The flight feathers are buff with white mottling and narrow there are buff bars on the tail. The underparts are rufous with fine vermiculations of brown and white and bold black streaking. Juveniles are paler. It is a small owl, about 18 centimetres long, weighing about 79 grams .

Distribution

This owl species is endemic to São Tomé Island, which is part of São Tomé e Príncipe, in the Gulf of Guinea, off the western equatorial coast of Central Africa.

This owl's natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests where it is relatively widespread and the population is probably several hundred birds.

Status

The continued survival of the São Tomé scops owl depends upon stopping habitat loss in the remaining lowland rainforest of São Tomé, as does the survival of three other birds: the São Tomé ibis, São Tomé olive pigeon, and São Tomé oriole.

Habitat

This owl species is endemic to São Tomé Island, which is part of São Tomé e Príncipe, in the Gulf of Guinea, off the western equatorial coast of Central Africa.

This owl's natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests where it is relatively widespread and the population is probably several hundred birds.

References:

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Status: Vulnerable
EX EW CR EN VU NT LC
Taxonomy
KingdomAnimalia
DivisionChordata
ClassAves
OrderStrigiformes
FamilyStrigidae
GenusOtus
SpeciesO. hartlaubi
Photographed in
Sao Tome and Principe