Common Suriname toad

Pipa pipa

The common Suriname toad or star-fingered toad is a species of frog in the Pipidae family found in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela. In Spanish it is called aparo, rana comun de celdillas, rana tablacha, sapo chinelo, sapo chola, or sapo de celdas. In Portuguese, it is known as sapo pipa due to its shape, as "pipa" means kite. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical swamps, swamps, freshwater marshes, and intermittent freshwater marshes.
It is threatened by habitat loss.
Suriname toad, Inírida, Colombia This is a personal favorite, an unexpected jewel of a species we found as we were struggling the path of a dense forest in the pitch black night. In this flooded forest, dead leafs fall in the water, covering the floor. But one of these leafs is not dead, instead it's a bizarre type of amphibian called the Suriname Toad. 

It is remarkable in its appearance which is almost as flat as a leaf. To support the ability to be this flat, it has no tongue or teeth. An even more mind-blowing fact about this species is that females develop their young directly inside the skin of their own back, shown in this video:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mZ7b4spjXhw

Closeup shot with added contrast to see more body detail:

https://www.jungledragon.com/image/52866/suriname_toad_-_closeup_inrida_colombia.html
PS: we poked it slightly with a small twig, and it very much was alive. Colombia,Guainía,Inírida,Pipa pipa,South America,World

Appearance

The common Suriname toad is similar in appearance to a mottled brown leaf, and is almost completely flat. Its feet are broadly webbed with the front toes having small, star-like appendages. Specimens of close to 20 cm in length have been recorded, although 10–13 cm is a typical size. The Suriname toad has minute eyes, no teeth, and no tongue.
Suriname toad - closeup, Inírida, Colombia This is a personal favorite, an unexpected jewel of a species we found as we were struggling the path of a dense forest in the pitch black night. In this flooded forest, dead leafs fall in the water, covering the floor. But one of these leafs is not dead, instead it's a bizarre type of amphibian called the Suriname Toad. 

It is remarkable in its appearance which is almost as flat as a leaf. To support the ability to be this flat, it has no tongue or teeth. An even more mind-blowing fact about this species is that females develop their young directly inside the skin of their own back, shown in this video:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mZ7b4spjXhw Colombia,Common Suriname toad,Guainía,Inírida,Pipa pipa,South America,World

Reproduction

Suriname toads are best known for their remarkable reproductive habits. Unlike the majority of toads, the males of this species do not attract mates with croaks and other sounds often associated with these aquatic animals. Instead, they produce a sharp clicking sound by snapping the hyoid bone in their throats. The partners rise from the floor while in amplexus and flip through the water in arcs. During each arc, the female releases 3 to 10 eggs, which get embedded in the skin on her back by the male's movements. After implantation, the eggs sink into the skin and form pockets over a period of several days, eventually taking on the appearance of an irregular honeycomb. The larvae develop through to the tadpole stage inside these pockets, eventually emerging from the mother's back as fully developed toads, though they are less than an inch long . Once they have emerged from their mother's back, the toads begin a largely solitary life.

After giving birth to the new toads, the mother slowly sheds the thin layer of skin that was used to birth them, and can begin the cycle again.

References:

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Status: Near threatened
EX EW CR EN VU NT LC
Taxonomy
KingdomAnimalia
DivisionChordata
ClassAmphibia
OrderAnura
FamilyPipidae
GenusPipa
SpeciesP. pipa
Photographed in
Colombia