Yellow scroll coral

Turbinaria reniformis

''Turbinaria reniformis'', commonly known as yellow scroll coral, is a species of colonial stony coral in the family Dendrophylliidae. It is native to the Indo-Pacific region. The International Union for Conservation of Nature has rated its conservation status as being "vulnerable".
Yellow scroll coral - Turbinaria reniformis tentative, based on shape
I am also suspecting Montipora capricornis so feel free to correct me if you have clear evidence to distinguish them :-) Fall,Geotagged,Indonesia,Turbinaria reniformis,Yellow scroll coral

Appearance

''Turbinaria reniformis'' is a laminar species, forming horizontal plates or shallow chalices, and sometimes forming tiers. The corallites are widely separated and are only on the upper side of the plates. The corallites are 1.5 to 2 mm in diameter, have thick walls and are either sunk into the coenosteum or are conical in shape. This coral has a distinct rim free of corallites, and is usually a yellowish-green colour.
Cabbage Corals - Turbinaria reniformis This was a huge colony of Cabbage Corals, spanning easily 10 meters by 5 meters. Ahe Island,Cabbage Corals,Corals,Geotagged,Indonesia,Irian Jaya,Spring,Turbinaria reniformis,West Papua,Yellow scroll coral

Distribution

''Turbinaria reniformis'' has a very wide distribution with a range extending from the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden, through the Indian Ocean, the central Indo-Pacific, to northern Australia, southern Japan, the South China Sea and island groups in the West and Central Pacific.
Cabbage Coral - Turbinaria reniformis The Cabbage Coral - Turbinaria reniformis a colonial stony coral, forming horizontal plates or chalices and sometimes forming tiers. The can form huge colonies that can span 5-10 meters circumference of more than 10 meters stretch along sloping reef. Cabbage Corals,Corals,Geotagged,Mabul,Malaysia,Spring,Turbinaria reniformis

Habitat

''Turbinaria reniformis'' is a zooxanthellate coral. It lives in symbiosis with unicellular dinoflagellates known as zooxanthellae. These photosynthetic protists provide their host coral with nutrients and energy, but in order to benefit from this, the coral needs to live in relatively shallow water and in a brightly lit position. In conditions of thermal stress, the coral may expel the zooxanthellae, become bleached and ultimately die. It has been found that when the surrounding sea water is moderately enriched with nitrogen, the coral can better withstand thermal stress and retain its zooxanthellae.


''T. reniformis'' is gonochoristic, with colonies being either male or female. Breeding takes place synchronously with all the colonies in an area liberating their gametes into the sea about a week after the full moon in November.

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Some text fragments are auto parsed from Wikipedia.

Status: Vulnerable
EX EW CR EN VU NT LC
Taxonomy
KingdomAnimalia
DivisionCnidaria
ClassAnthozoa
OrderScleractinia
FamilyDendrophylliidae
GenusTurbinaria
SpeciesT. reniformis
Photographed in
Indonesia
Malaysia