Arizona Black Rattlesnake

Crotalus cerberus

Crotalus cerberus is a venomous pit viper species found in the southwestern United States. It was formerly considered a subspecies of Crotalus oreganus.
An Arizona Black Rattlesnake in a defensive posture This rattlesnake was up against the roadside berm, warning some people who had spotted it earlier not to get any closer. Arizona Black Rattlesnake,Crotalus cerberus,Geotagged,Summer

Appearance

The color pattern consists of a dark grayish, brownish black, reddish brown, or blackish ground color, overlaid with a dorsal pattern of blotches that are rectangular anteriorly, becoming subhexagonal posteriorly, eventually becoming crossbands just before the tail. However, specimens also may be a uniform dark color without any clear dorsal pattern, or the dorsal blotches may be even darker and bordered with white, cream, or yellow transverse rows of scales, or the color pattern may be quite pale with a significant amount of yellow mixed in. A postocular stripe is evident in lightly colored specimens, but not so much in darker ones.

Some adult Arizona black rattlesnakes can change color relatively quickly, an ability shared not only with chameleons but also with other snakes such as some species in the genus Tropidophis. Further research is needed to determine the mechanism and stimuli for this phenomenon in this rattlesnake.

Naming

Common names: Arizona black rattlesnake, black rattlesnake, black diamond rattlesnake, brown rattlesnake, Cerberus rattlesnake, mountain diamond-back.[4] Also often incorrectly referred to as a timber rattlesnake.

Distribution

Found in the United States, in Arizona from the Hualapai Mountains and Cottonwood Cliffs in the northwest of the state, southeast to the Santa Catalina, Rincon, Pinaleno and Blue Mountains. Also found at Steeple Rock, in extreme western New Mexico. The type locality given is "San Francisco Mountains" (Coconino County, Arizona, USA).

Reproduction

Sexually mature females bear live young in broods of 4 to 21 neonates. The Arizona black rattlesnake is the first species of snake observed to exhibit complex social behavior, and parenting behavior reminiscent of that in mammals. Females often remain with their young in nests for several weeks, and mothers have been observed cooperatively parenting their broods.

References:

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https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crotalus_oreganus_cerberus
Taxonomy
KingdomAnimalia
DivisionChordata
ClassReptilia
OrderSquamata
FamilyViperidae
GenusCrotalus
SpeciesCrotalus cerberus