White-crowned hornbill

Berenicornis comatus

The white-crowned hornbill , also known as the long-crested hornbill or white-crested hornbill , is a species of hornbill.
White-Crowned Hornbill  - Berenicornis comatus Tabin, Sabah (Sep, 2014).
Scruffy, funny looking hornbill with white head. It is a large hornbill, reaching a length of 83–102 cm. Females are smaller than males. The plumage is black and white. The head, neck, breast and tail are white, while the remaining plumage is black. It has a white crown of feathers erected in a crest (hence the common name). Between the eye and the bill and on the throat there is bare dark blue skin. The bill is mainly black, with a yellowish base. Like most hornbills, it has a blackish casque on the top if its bill. The female has a black neck and underparts. These birds are territorial and feed on various fruits, lizards, arthropods and larvae. Berenicornis comatus,Geotagged,Malaysia,Summer,White-crowned hornbill

Appearance

''Berenicornis comatus'' is a large hornbill, reaching a length of 83–102 centimetres and a weight of 1.3–1.5 kilograms . Females are smaller than males. The plumage is black and white. The head, neck, breast and tail are white, while the remaining plumage is black. It has a white crown feathers erected in a crest . Between the eye and the bill and on the throat there is bare dark blue skin. The bill is mainly black, with a yellowish base. Like most hornbills, it has a blackish casque on the top if its bill. The female has a black neck and underparts. These birds are territorial and feed on various fruits, lizards, arthropods and larvae.

Distribution

This species is found in the Malay Peninsula, Sumatra and Borneo.

Behavior

The female lays two white eggs in a tree hole, then seals herself in by blocking the entrance to the nest with droppings, debris and mud. The male, and other adults and young forming a cooperative group, feed the breeding female and the chicks through a narrow hole. The female breaks the "wall" and leaves the nest when the chicks are able to fly.

Habitat

This bird inhabits rainforests at low and medium altitudes, usually at an elevation below 900 meters. It may also be found on fruit, oil-palm and rubber plantations. It is threatened by habitat destruction.

References:

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Taxonomy
KingdomAnimalia
DivisionChordata
ClassAves
OrderBucerotiformes
FamilyBucerotidae
GenusBerenicornis
SpeciesB. comatus
Photographed in
Malaysia