Black Flying-fox

Pteropus alecto

The Black Flying-Fox, ''Pteropus alecto'', is a megabat in the family Pteropodidae. Members of the genus ''Pteropus'' include the largest bats in the world. The ''Pteropus'' genus has currently about 57 recognised species. The genus is primarily an island taxon, with 55 species having some or all of their distribution on islands.
Blind Bella  Left sightless from a car accident, Blind Bella is a black Flying-fox at the 'Australian Bat Clinic'. First arriving as a patient, she is now employed there as a full-time surrogate mother. Though she will never fly again, Bella is not euthanised because she assists the clinic by actively raising 2-3 orphaned baby bats each year. Often incorrectly assumed blind, Flying-foxes have better eyesight than a human during the day and a cat at night.  Australia,Australian Bat Clinic,Bat,Black Flying-fox,Blind,Geotagged,Pteropus alecto,black flying fox,flying fox

Appearance

The Black Flying-Fox has short black hair with a contrasting reddish-brown mantle with a mean forearm length of 164 mm and a mean weight of 710 grams . It is one of the largest bat species in the world, and has a wing-span of more than one metre.
Bat closeup This is a closeup of a bat hanging on a branch Asia,Bali,Bats,Black Flying-fox,Cynopterus brachyotis,Geotagged,Indonesia,Lesser short-nosed fruit bat,Mammals,Pteropus alecto

Distribution

Black Flying-Foxes are native to Australia , Papua New Guinea and Indonesia .
Black_Flying-Fox_(Fruit_Bat)  Australia,Black Flying-fox,Geotagged,Pteropus alecto,Winter

Status

The Black Flying-Fox is not listed as threatened on the IUCN Red List; nevertheless, the species is exposed to several threatening processes, including loss of foraging and roosting habitat, and mass die-offs caused by extreme temperature events. When present in urban environments Black Flying-Foxes are sometimes perceived as a nuisance. Because the roosting and foraging habits of the Black Flying-Fox bring the species into conflict with humans, it suffers from direct killing of animals in orchards and harassment and destruction of roosts.

Reproduction

Black Flying-Foxes breed once a year. A single young is born and carried by its mother for the first month of life, after which it is left behind in the roost when the mother is out foraging at night.

Food

Black Flying-Foxes eat pollen and nectar from native eucalyptus, Lilypillies, paperbark and turpentine trees. When native foods are scarce, particularly during drought, the bats may take introduced or commercial fruits such as mangos and apples. This species had been known to travel up to 50 km a night in search of food.

Defense

During the day individuals reside in large roosts consisting of hundreds to tens of thousands of individuals. They sometimes share their roosts with the Grey-headed Flying-Fox , the Spectacled Flying-Fox , and/or the Little Red Flying-Fox . They roost in mangroves, paperbark swamps, patches of rainforest and bamboo forests, and very rarely in caves or underneath overhangs.

References:

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Status: Least concern | Trend: Unknown
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Taxonomy
KingdomAnimalia
DivisionChordata
ClassMammalia
OrderChiroptera
FamilyPteropodidae
GenusPteropus
SpeciesP. alecto
Photographed in
Australia
Indonesia