The Asian or Asiatic elephant is the only living species of the genus ''Elephas'' and is distributed in Southeast Asia from India in the west to Borneo in the east. Three subspecies are recognized — ''Elephas maximus maximus'' from Sri Lanka, the Indian elephant or ''E. m. indicus'' from mainland Asia, and ''E. m. sumatranus'' from the island of Sumatra. Asian elephants are the largest living land animals in Asia.
Since 1986, ''E. maximus'' has been listed as endangered by IUCN as the.. more