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Happy International Amphibian Week! Did you know that the week of May 1-7th has been designated as International Amphibian Week?? The aim is to bring awareness to these amazing creatures and their plight as they face habitat loss, pollution, disease, and ultimately species&#039; decline.<br />
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Amphibians include frogs, caecilians, and salamanders. They are fascinating, beautiful, diverse, and have important roles in their ecosystems. Take some time to educate yourself about these incredible creatures! #JungleDragon #amphibianweek2022 #amphibianweek<br />
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Check out these links for more information:<br />
<a href="https://www.amphibians.org/amphibianweek/" rel="nofollow">https://www.amphibians.org/amphibianweek/</a><br />
<a href="https://www.amphibians.org/who-we-are/why-amphibians/" rel="nofollow">https://www.amphibians.org/who-we-are/why-amphibians/</a><br />
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To see more photos of amphibians:<br />
<a href="https://www.jungledragon.com/.../animalia/chordata/amphibia" rel="nofollow">https://www.jungledragon.com/.../animalia/chordata/amphibia</a><br />
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<a href="https://www.facebook.com/jungledragonwildlife" rel="nofollow">https://www.facebook.com/jungledragonwildlife</a><br />
Instagram: @jungledragonwildlife amphibian week Click/tap to enlarge Promoted

Happy International Amphibian Week!

Did you know that the week of May 1-7th has been designated as International Amphibian Week?? The aim is to bring awareness to these amazing creatures and their plight as they face habitat loss, pollution, disease, and ultimately species' decline.

Amphibians include frogs, caecilians, and salamanders. They are fascinating, beautiful, diverse, and have important roles in their ecosystems. Take some time to educate yourself about these incredible creatures! #JungleDragon #amphibianweek2022 #amphibianweek

Check out these links for more information:

To see more photos of amphibians:

Instagram: @jungledragonwildlife

    comments (5)

  1. Photo Credits:

    -Congo Caecilian caecilian (Herpele squalostoma) by Anotheca,
    A Congo Caecilian caecilian (Herpele squalostoma) This is a west African caecilian (Herpele squalostoma) and is known as the Congo caecilian.  They are “fossorial” or live beneath the ground in soil and decomposing vegetation.  Every aspect to the body plan of this species revolves around burrowing.  Its eyes are covered by bone, its muscles can generate tremendous forces to push its body through the soil, and it has many sharp teeth for capturing food, which includes earthworms.  This individual is a female.  It was collected in Cameroon. African amphibia,African amphibian,Amphibia,Caecilidae,Cameroon,Congo caecilian,Herpele squalostoma,burrowing,caecilian,congo caecilian,fossorial,gymnophiona,legless amphibian,west Africa,west African,worm feeding

    -Amazon Dart Frog (Ranitomeya amazonica) by John Sullivan,
    A tiny Amazon Dart Frog (Ranitomeya amazonica) perched on a leaf in Iquitos, Peru This beautiful little frog was found on the grounds of the Iquitos Zoo. Frog,Geotagged,Peru,Poison dart frog,Ranitomeya amazonica,Summer

    -Sachatamia ilex by Minor Torres,
    Sachatamia ilex One of the most delicate and fantastic creatures of the nocturnal environment of the forest, Sachatamia Ilex, Ghost Glass Frog, or Rana fantasma.<br />
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If we want to describe its characteristics, we must consider some important data, this little jewel of nature measures on average between about 2.7 to 3.4 centimeters in length. Its head is wide with nostrils and very prominent eyes; it has a fine, transparent and smooth skin of a yellowish green color and have whitish eyes with a beautiful pattern of blue crisscrossing lines, looking as if a bad night had passed.<br />
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If we mention the habits of this wonderful species, it is necessary to emphasize that its habits are nocturnal and it is arboreal, it is noticed in the terminations of its fingers with special pads and interdigital membrane, special to adhere to the leaves and the vegetation. Their bones are green and very interesting: the males have a sharp white hook in the arm.<br />
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Its distribution includes Costa Rica, Panama and the Caribbean slope of Nicaragua, and the west of Colombia. In Costa Rica it is distributed on both slopes in the low and middle humid lands, mainly on the Atlantic slope and on the Pacific coast in the Río Tárcoles and San Mateo basin.<br />
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Una de las más delicadas y fantásticas criaturas del ambiente nocturno del bosque, la Sachatamia Ilex, Ghost Glass Frog, conocida como Rana fantasma.<br />
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Si describimos sus características debemos considerar algunos datos importantes, esta pequeña joya de la naturaleza mide en promedio entre unos 2.7 a 3.4 centímetros de longitud. Es ancha su cabeza con orificios nasales y ojos saltados, muy prominentes, de coloración b; posee una fina, transparente y lisa piel de un color verde amarillento tienen un patrón azul, blancuzcos con un hermoso patrón de líneas azules entrecruzadas, de apariencia como si hubiese pasado una mala noche.<br />
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Si mencionamos los hábitos de esta maravillosa especie, hay que destacar que sus hábitos son nocturnos y es arborícola, se nota en las terminaciones de sus dedos con unas almohadillas especiales y membrana interdigital, especial para adherirse a las hojas y la vegetación. Sus huesos son de color verde y muy interesante, los machos presentan un gancho blanco agudo en el brazo.<br />
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Su distribución comprende Costa Rica, Panamá y la Vertiente Caribe de Nicaragua, hasta el oeste de Colombia.<br />
En Costa Rica se distribuye en ambas vertientes en las tierras húmedas bajas y medias, principalmente en la Vertiente Atlántica y en la costa Pacífica en la cuenca del Río Tárcoles y San Mateo. Sachatamia ilex

    -Spiny Warted Frog - Theloderma horridum by Albert Kang,
    Spiny Warted Frog - Theloderma horridum Had initially thought it was a Toad in view of the warty look, this was a surprise and rare friend from the location.  They are supposedly rare as they tends to stay higher up in trees and lays their eggs in tree holes.<br />
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https://www.jungledragon.com/image/116892/orange_toes.html Frog,Malaysia,Moss Frog,Penang,Spiny Warted Frog,Theloderma horridum

    -Emerald Glass Frog by Ferdy Christant,
    Emerald Glass Frog - head, Los Cedros Reserve, Ecuador The appendage seen under the armpit on some of these photos are called a "humeral hook", which is used for fighting.<br />
https://www.jungledragon.com/image/132969/emerald_glass_frog_-_back_los_cedros_reserve_ecuador.html<br />
https://www.jungledragon.com/image/132968/emerald_glass_frog_-_side_view_los_cedros_reserve_ecuador.html<br />
https://www.jungledragon.com/image/132966/emerald_glass_frog_los_cedros_reserve_ecuador.html Ecuador,Ecuador 2021,Emerald Glass Frog,Espadarana prosoblepon,Fall,Geotagged,Los Cedros Reserve,South America,World

    -Upper Amazon Tree Frog by Ferdy Christant,
    Upper Amazon treefrog - pose, La Isla Escondida, Colombia https://www.jungledragon.com/image/73623/upper_amazon_treefrog_-_front_la_isla_escondida_colombia.html<br />
https://www.jungledragon.com/image/73624/upper_amazon_treefrog_-_side_la_isla_escondida_colombia.html<br />
https://www.jungledragon.com/image/73626/upper_amazon_treefrog_-_side_view_la_isla_escondida_colombia.html<br />
https://www.jungledragon.com/image/73627/upper_amazon_treefrog_-_top_la_isla_escondida_colombia.html<br />
https://www.jungledragon.com/image/73628/upper_amazon_treefrog_-_side_2_la_isla_escondida_colombia.html Colombia,Colombia 2018,Colombia South,Dendropsophus bifurcus,Fall,Geotagged,La Isla Escondida,Putumayo,South America,Upper Amazon treefrog,World

    -Eastern Newt (Red Eft) - Notophthalmus viridescens by Christine Young,
    Eastern Newt (Red Eft) - Notophthalmus viridescens Red efts have bright orange aposematic coloring, with darker, reddish spots outlined in black. This stage can last up to 4 years on land, during which time efts may travel far, which ensures outcrossing in the population. Efts eat small insects, snails, and other small arthropods. During winter, they hibernate under logs or rocks.<br />
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Habitat: Spotted in a mixed forest.<br />
https://www.jungledragon.com/image/67360/eastern_newt_red_eft_-_notophthalmus_viridescens.html Eastern newt,Fall,Geotagged,Notophthalmus viridescens,United States,newt,red eft,salamander

    -Little Devil Poison Frog (Diablito) by Ferdy Christant,
    Little Devil Poison Frog (Diablito) ~ El Pangan - side view, Rio Ñambi, Colombia For this day, we only have a single observation, yet it is a beautiful one and a much needed happy ending of an "interesting" day.<br />
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In the morning, we exited the Rio Ñambi Reserve, which took us about 2 hours. We didn't take any photos on the way out, the goal was to transit instead. After a cold coke and salty chips (always great when reconnecting with civilization) we happened to be near a security council meeting, where local organizations were discussing the security situation of the area and how to improve its reputation. We were invited into the meeting and gave our impression of the situation, from a tourist perspective. They were happy to learn that we did not feel unsafe here.<br />
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After that, we made way to an elementary school full of kids. They looked a little shocked to see us pale smelly giants that just came out of the jungle. The classroom was plastered with posters and marketing material of one stunning frog. A specific morph of Oophaga sylvatica. The morph is named "El Pangan". Yet even this morph has an amazing variation and the one shown on the posters in particular was only to be found here. The kids were contributing to the conservation of this frog by selling handcrafted toys that resemble the frog, as a way to counter poaching.<br />
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We had no idea about this frog, and only at this point we learned about the plan to try and find them nearby, it was not described in the programme. We made way to a corner of a highway where we parked. The place looked like a dump, full of trash, yet it had an entry path into the forest.<br />
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Armed with the frog's call on playback, we had Manuel (our main guide) and Miguel (local herping guide) trying hard to find it. The path was extremely muddy and narrow. We immediately came across several workers in the forest, carrying big wooden planks out of the forest. <br />
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After an hour or so, still no sign of the frog, and at this point, one of the worker's charged us an entrance fee, claiming they own this land. A tiny extortion, but one I found very upsetting. Even more upsetting was the workers' waste littered all over the forest, tons of plastic bottles everywhere. Since I suck at finding poison frogs, I decided to collect them in a plastic bag. <br />
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With no frog in sight anywhere and not a single call returned, we gave up and turned around. Just before we were back to the car, Manuel claimed he thought he did hear it further back, and returned into the forest, asking us to wait by the car.<br />
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The wait took forever. We were in a smelly, hot place, rain hammering down and insects had no mercy on attacking us. The longer we had to wait, the more paranoid I became. What if these workers are creating new plans to rob us? We're practically begging for it by staying here so long and given a car full of valuables. I even took my memory cards out and put them on my body, just in case. <br />
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I started to get worried about Manuel and Miguel as the wait took longer. I called Manuel. Luckily, he was fine. Five minutes from meeting us again, yet they did not find the frog. We packed up our gear and sat in the car, waiting for him to appear out of the forest.<br />
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I saw him appear, approaching the car. Good, we can finally get out of this shithole. He walked strangely slow. He didn't look defeated at all, smirking instead. And why would he have his hands behind his back?<br />
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Wait...no...my brain already knew what happened but I was so upset that it took a few additional seconds to connect the dots. He found diablito! Between me calling him and him taking the final few steps out of the forest, it jumped right in front of him, directly on the path. <br />
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Needless to say, this saved the day. All credit to Manuel Espejo, who never quits and always knows how to turn the worst of days into a highlight.<br />
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Afterwards, we returned to the children in the school. They were all like "ooohhhh" and "ahhhhh" and "bloody hell you stink, get away from me".<br />
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The dramatic color variation of Oophaga species is well known, yet still poorly understood. Oophaga sylvatica is absurdly diverse:<br />
https://featuredcreature.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/Screen+shot+2011-07-16+at+3.02.06+PM2.png<br />
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This is the best study I could find trying to explain this phenomenon:<br />
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5696431/<br />
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The short conclusion: the combination of climate gradients, within-population sexual selection and natural barriers (typical of the Andes) likely all play a role, yet no clear conclusion on why the variation is so spectacularly strong.<br />
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https://www.jungledragon.com/image/79263/little_devil_poison_frog_diablito_el_pangan_-_top_view_rio_ambi_colombia.html<br />
https://www.jungledragon.com/image/79265/little_devil_poison_frog_diablito_el_pangan_-_front_view_rio_ambi_colombia.html<br />
https://www.jungledragon.com/image/79266/little_devil_poison_frog_diablito_el_pangan_-_full_scene_rio_ambi_colombia.html<br />
https://www.jungledragon.com/image/79267/little_devil_poison_frog_diablito_el_pangan_-_head_rio_ambi_colombia.html<br />
https://www.jungledragon.com/image/79268/little_devil_poison_frog_diablito_el_pangan_-_side_view_2_rio_ambi_colombia.html<br />
https://www.jungledragon.com/image/79269/little_devil_poison_frog_diablito_el_pangan_-_front_view_2_rio_ambi_colombia.html Colombia,Colombia 2018,Colombia South,Little devil poison frog,Oophaga sylvatica,Rio Ñambi,South America,World

    -Karnataka night frog - Nyctibatrachus Karnatakaensis By karthik_ak,
    Karnataka night frog - Nyctibatrachus Karnatakaensis An endangered and endemic frog species from the Western Ghats. These can be found in torrential streams of the shola forests. This individual was resting on the edge of a huge rock about 3 feet from the water surface. <br />
This is the biggest nycti i have ever seen and documented from Charmadi Ghats. Saw around 10 individuals on rocks as well as in streams. <br />
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Spent around 2 hrs observing them. Not much activity seen apart from munching on insects that flew past them.<br />
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Same individual from the other image in a different perspective! Giant wrinkled frog,India,Nyctibatrachus karnatakaensis,endangered species,endemic,largest,night frog,western ghats

    -Dendrobates auratu by Minor Torres,
    Dendrobates auratu  Dendrobates auratus

    Posted 10 months ago
  2. how wonderful! lovely pictures!
    I'm looking back at my pictures drive for some amphibian pictures :-)
    Posted 10 months ago
    1. Thanks, Yael! There's so much amazing variety! Posted 10 months ago
  3. Wonderful initiative, thank you so much for making this! Posted 10 months ago
    1. You're welcome! Posted 10 months ago

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By Christine Young

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Uploaded May 6, 2022.